Sakthi Vikatan- 14 Apr, 2015


What are day and night?

Author: P.N.Parasuraman Images: M. Rajkumar



या निशा सर्वभूतानां तस्यां जागर्ति संयमी ।

यस्यां जाग्रति भूतानि सा निशा पश्यतो मुनेः ॥२- ६९॥

yā niśā sarvabhūtānāṁ tasyāṁ jāgarti saṁyamī
yasyāṁ jāgrati bhūtāni sā niśā paśyato muneḥ 2.69

1 niśā2 sarva3 bhūtānām4 tasyām5 jāgarti6 saṁyamī7
yasyām8 jāgrati9 bhūtāni1011 niśā12 paśyataḥ13 muneḥ14

saṁyamī7 = the man with control of his sense organs;  jāgarti6 = is awake; 1 niśā2 = what is night; sarva3 bhūtānām4 = for all3 living beings4.  tasyām5 = in that [night]; yasyām8 = in which; bhūtāni10 = the beings, creatures; jāgrati9 = keep awake;  11 niśā12 paśyataḥ13 muneḥ14 = that is11 night12 for the seeing13 (Seer) Muni14 (the silent one or Sage).--2.69 

2.69:  What is night for all beings is awakening for the disciplined soul and what is awakening for all beings, is night for the seeing muni– the sage or seer.


   What is night for us is day for the Jñāṉi. What is day for us is night for the Jñāṉi.

To put it more plainly, we shut our eyes, on seeing virtuous things and refuse to go there. That is the night for us.  In that same period, the Jñāṉis realize the Truth and follow it. That is their day.

We go wide-eyed seeing the bad and the inviting shine and sheen. Jñāṉis, upon seeing the bad, shut their eyes and minds and refuse to go there.

What is light for us is darkness for the Jñāṉis.

Explicating such passage, Kaivalliya Navanītham says, ‘Does the night offer the same help received during daylight hours? Having attained pristine Jñāṉam and conducting oneself in virtuous manner are day for the sages. Abandoning that, subjecting oneself to ignorance and suffering grief are night.

OK! Are not that euphemistic daylight and night for goodness and evil creations of the Supreme Being? That being so, where is justice in the beckoning to observe virtue and to give up evil? An argument on these lines may arise.

In a shopping Mall, all items are available. We buy what is necessary and use them. Knowing that the shop sells poison, will we buy some of it, mix it with food and eat it?

We buy and use different things for different purposes: Detergent soap for washing clothes, body soap for bathing, floor-cleaning liquid detergent for mopping floors… Likewise, …

To counteract snakebite poison, another kind of poison is used to treat it. A piece of iron is cut by another kind of iron implement. A missile is destroyed by antimissile. People remove dirt from clothes with yet another dirt, fuller’s earth.

Likewise, Suddha Māyai helps remove Asuddha Māyai. Later, even the Suddha Māyai will leave on its own accord. This verse gives us a never-before-heard news.

Kirupanantha Variar explains it lucidly.

Will continue