Panchatantra Stories  
பஞ்சதந்திரம் pañca-tantiram , n. pañcan +. The Tamil version of Pañca-tantra consisting of five books, viz., mittira-pētam, cukirl- lāpam, canti-vikkirakam, artta-nācam, acampirēṭciya-kārittuvam; மித்திரபேதம், சுகிர்ல்லாபம், சந்திவிக்கிரகம், அர்த்தநாசம், அசம்பிரேட்சியகாரித்து வம் என ஐம்பகுதியுடையதாய்த் தமிழில் மொழிபெயர்க் கப்பட்ட நூல்.
1. மித்திரபேதம் = mittira-pētam = Sowing discord among friends.
2. சுகிர்ல்லாபம் = cukir-l-lāpam = the acquisition of friends.
3. சந்திவிக்கிரகம் canti-vikkirakam  = Associating with a foe with a view to ruin him.
4. அர்த்தநாசம் artta-nācam  = Loss of wealth.
5. அசம்பிரேட்சியகாரித்துவம் a-campirēṭciya-kārittuvam , n. a-sam-prēkṣya-kāri-tva. Action without forethought.
Inspiration: N.Natchiyappan

1.    A bird, living on the mountain, spat gold from its beak. A hunter observed this phenomenon for a long time and one day caught the bird with a net. 


2.    As an afterthought, he feared the king discovering the gold-spitting bird in his custody. He thought about it for some time and decided it was better to give it to the king to avoid any trouble. He went to the king, told him of the bird’s remarkable quality, and gave the bird away to the king. 


3.    The king received the bird and ordered the palace carpenter to build a beautiful cage for the bird. He kept the bird in the cage and nurtured it. 


4.    The bird came to the attention of the minister. He doubted that the bird could spit gold from its beak and asked the king to release the bird, saying that people will laugh at him and disrespect him. 


5.    The king always gave much regard to the minister’s council and ordered the bird released. It flew away.


6.    The freed bird sat on the palace tower and announced to all the people who can hear the bird.


7.    The bird: I got caught by the bird-catcher by mistake and lost my freedom. I was the first idiot. The hunter lost me by giving me to the king and was the second idiot. The king, letting me go, is the third idiot. The counseling minister was the fourth idiot by letting me go. All the people below the tower heard the bird. 


8.    Do not show any pity to the enemy because it will bring reproach and ridicule.