Garland of Betel Leaves
வெற்றிலை மாலை
Veeraswamy Krishnaraj
File under construction
Om Sri Hanumate Namah
Date of Last Edition: Nov,4 2018

Ram Parivar Painting By Raja Ravi Varma (1848-1906)

 
Digambara Anjaneyar. Namakkal
Anjaneya (Upadevata = Demigod) was on a mission. His search for Sita abducted by Ravana was extensive in Lanka. He jumped off the Mahendra Hill to Lanka.
Anjaneya had Yogic attribute: Shapeshifting, ability to become smaller than the smallest and bigger than the biggest.  He shrunk himself to the size of a cat, entered Sri Lanka and searched for Sita unseen and unknown to anyone (human). Surasa the mother of Nagas and Simhika, the daughter of Diti tried to impede his jump. He defeated them. Siva and Parvati the protectors of Sri Lanka, left as soon as Hanuman in his search of Sita entered Sri Lanka. That is the beginning of trouble for Ravana thus far protected by Siva and Parvati. Hanuman took the size of a cat and entered the palace of Ravana and did not find Sita there. He met Vibhishana, brother of Ravana and a friend of Rama, who directed him to Ashoka garden. Hanuman took his original native form. Remember Siva and Parvati were the guardians of Sri Lanka. They left leaving Ravana vulnerable. Anjaneya was the biological son of Siva and beneficiary of the power of Sakti of Parvati. When the Guardians left Sri Lanka, they were siding with Anjaneya and did not want any conflicts with Pavanputra, Siva's son (Pavan Putra = Siva's son. Pavan has two meanings: Siva or Wind.) and Rama himself. Pavan Putra or Anjaneya found Sita in the Asoka forest. Yes, there was a woman of divine nature with sallow complexion surrounded by Raksasis (Ogresses).  Hanuman appeared before Sita, who thought he was Ravana in disguise. Ravana appeared before Sita in the guise of a Sanyasin in Janasthana back in the hermitage in India. Sita said to Hanuman, "Why do you appear before me now as a monkey?"  Then Rama's signet ring in the hands of Hanuman appeared before the eyes of Sita, who was convinced Hanuman was Rama's friend and emissary.
Note: Sita spoke to Hanuman in the Dravidian tongue: Tamil. --Purnalingam Pillai, a well-known Tamil Scholar and author. Yes, Sita was a polyglot. In India, Sanskrit and Tamil are Classical Languages. Tamil has the unique status that it is a living language of the Tamils from time immerorial.
Anjaneya introduced himself with bent knee and opposed palms, and narrated the story of Rama and Lakshmana since her abduction. He gave the Rama's signet ring to Sita to prove that he was sent by him in search of her. She in turn gave her own hair-jewel to give to Rama. Sita was grateful to Anjaneya and wanted to offer a gift to him. (Hanuman took back the Signet ring of Rama and held the hair-jewel of Sita for presentation to Rama.)
As a gift meant for an important guest, Sita wanted to give Acatai (Akata) to Hanuman.

akṣata. Unbroken grains of rice.

அட்சதை aṭcatai , n. < a-kṣata. 1. Unbroken grains of rice mixed with turmeric or saffron, used in benediction, worship, wedding...

                                                                                                                Credit: https://goo.gl/ARrcaq 

 

Image result for அட்சதை படங்கள்

Unable to offer Akṣata under the conditions she lived, she looked around and found Betel leaves on a vine. She plucked leaves from the creeper,  sprinkled the leaves on him in an act of benediction and offered her blessings. She made a garland of betel leaves and applied it around the neck of Hanuman, who was exhilarated at the gesture. Both were joyous. From that day onwards, the tradition of applying Betel-leaf garland to Hanuman came into vogue. This practice was also applied to other deities.

Dharma Sastra says that the applied betel-leaf garland should comprise of even number of leaves such as two, four, six, eight… and the areca nuts should be of odd numbers such as one, three, five, seven: The sequence of even numbers of leaves and odd number of nuts. The matches are two leaves and one nut, four leaves and three nuts. The leaf should not have the petiole, and the ventral surface of the leaf should be visible to the spectator.  Below is the betel leaf farm, the demand for the leaves being very high.

 

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Rama's premier devotee Hanuman/Anjaneya finds Sita in the Asoka Forest surrounded by ogresses. He gives Rama's ring to Sita, which she recognizes at once. She in return gives her personal hair-jewel to be given to Rama. To honor him as her guest, she weaves a leaf garland for him to wear.
 
Asoka tree flowers and leaves

Here is a Betel Leaf Decoration of Hanuman. This kind of decoration is used for other deities also. Credit Sakti Vikatan
 
This is an example of Betel leaf farm for commerical cultivation.
                               
                                                                                        Betel Leaf Swirl displayed in shops
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Wreaths images: Arranged by V. Krishnaraj

                                          
                  Betel leaf garland Vs. Christmas and Other Wreaths worn in the West.
A Wreath is a deft construction of a circle made of flowers, fruits, and leaves. It is an Advent, and Christmas decoration hung on the doors. You can wear it on the head and call it Chaplet (meaning victory or authority).
Its green leaves represent strength. The Greeks wore the floral circle on the head projecting their high status. Laurel wreaths graced the heads of winning athletes. Italian college graduates wear the eco-friendly floral wreaths for the graduation ceremony. Hindu gods wear betel leaves. Greek gods like Zeus wear oak leaves. In ancient Olympic games, the athletes wore olive leaf wreaths.
November 4, 2018
Winners Mary Keitany of Kenya, left, and Lelisa Desisa of Ethiopia pose with their medals (and Leaf Wreaths) during the 2018 TCS New York City Marathon in New York on November 4, 2018. - CNN USA  . NYC Marathon Sponsored by Tata Consultancy Services.
                                          

          
Trijata, one among the Raksasis, had a dream that Ravana died in the battle with Rama. Trijata endowed with Tele-Vision (clairvoyance) told Sita that Rama and Lakshmana were doing well and would soon come to rescue her. Trijata stopped Ravana from killing Sita. Ravana's wife Mandotari had a soft spot for Sita. Trijata acted as the news carrier between the battlefield and Sita. (Here is a proof that women are more civilized, gentler, kinder... That is why we all chose a woman as a mom.)

No-Fly Zone:
Before the abduction of Sita and ensuing batttle, Ravana was up to no good.

Ravana confiscated the Pushpaka Vimanam (aerial car) from his defeated half-brother Kubera and flew all over the world. He flew over the Himalayas. When he wanted to fly over Kailas, the abode of Siva and Parvati, Nandisvarar, the Bull Vahana of Siva and Parvati declared Kailas was a no-fly zone. Ravana was mad and cursed Nandi to acquire a monkey face. The monkey-face bull got very angry and counter-cursed Ravana telling him that one day a monkey will destroy his town.  No-fly zone was an old concept from India.

The Battle
There was a fierce exchange of arrows. When Ravana lost head or heads from arrows, they regrew. Trijata told Sita, Ravana would die, when Rama shoots an arrow into Ravana's heart. That was his achilles heel. Trijata was the devotee of Rama. When the war was over, Trijata goes with Sita to the kingdom of Ayodhya in Pushpaka Vimana, confiscated after Ravana's death.
Trijata is described as half-Aryan. Vibhishana's wife was Aryan, who it is surmised convinsed her husband to join Rama.  
 
 
Here is a comparison between Rama cutting the head of Ravana and seeing it grow back. A mortal shot in the abdomen and the heart kills Ravana. That was his achilles heel (vulnerable spot).  Hercules had a similar problem with Hydra. He fought nine-headed snake. Each time he cuts it, it grows back. He had to cut the head, cauterize the neck to prevent the hood growing back. He had to do it nine times to kill the snake. 

Achilles heel is the weak spot.  Ms. Thetis gave birth to Achilles.  She wanted him to live forever. To confer immortality on her son, she held him upside down by his heel and dipped him in the Styx river.  Since her thumb was on the achilles tendon, it was dry and vulnerable.  Achilles won many battles of the Trojan war because no one including Hector knew his vulnerable spot.  Paris, the prince of Trojans shot an arrow on the heel, not wet in the waters of Styx. Achilles died.

Ravana stored his pot of Amrta (Nectar of Immortality) in his abdomen. Clever dude indeed. Rama cut his head; it grew back, facilitated by Amrta in the abdomen. His weak spot was his heart. Coming to know of these two factors, Rama aimed his arrow to pierce the heart and empty the pot of immortality by Agni Astra in the abdomen. Since Ravana's Amrta was no longer in his abdomen, he could not regrow his head; the vulnerable ripped heart bled from penetration with Brahmastra and he died.

 
 Kali faced Titan Raktavija on the battleground and a fierce battle took place between the Titan and Kali. (It is symbolism of the good fighting the evil and the victory of good over evil.)  A thousand fighting clones of Titan appeared from drops of blood every time she wounded him and spilt his blood on the battleground. The battlefield was chock full of these fighting clones. Kali brought in Matrakas to fight her battle with the clones. Things got worse; more clones appeared as more blood was shed. Kali created Chandi, who started killing the clones. Kali had a brilliant idea: she sucked up all the blood from his body and bones as the Matrakas and Chandi were killing the clones; she herself was stuffing the clones into her mouth. Hey, remember Kali is a Multitasker. She grew to an enormous size with all the dead clones in her belly and filled the sky and the heaven. As Kali sucked the Titan bone-dry, there was no more blood falling on the battlefield. That was the end of Titan Raktavija. The idea of clones existed in India in olden times.
 
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Sita is in captivity under an Asoka tree guarded by Rākṣaṣis (ogresses). Hanuman begs Sita to ride on his shoulders and says he will take her with a skip and a jump to Rama. Sita politely declines his offer and says only Rama must appear before her and rescue her.
Hanuman feels his unbound energy whirring, and waiting to unwind. He destroys everything in sight.
(I remember a childhood experience. A troop of monkeys were sitting on the rooftop. This kid threw a bagful of peanuts on the roof with red Spanish tiles. The peanuts lodged themselves between the rows of tiles. Next thing you know the monkeys did a bang-up job looking for peanuts. They found all the peanuts and the proof was their cheek pouches were bulging with shelled peanuts. That was the proof and now hear about the roof. The neatly lined-up roof tiles were thrown helter-skelter. Lesson: Don't feed monkeys sitting on a Spanish style roof tiles.)

                                                    
Rākṣasas came in droves to kill him. They were no match, and were dispatched immediately to the land of eternal rest. He was immune to their weapons. At last Indrajit, the son of Ravana shows up and launches Brahmāstra, a weapon of instant destruction. Hanuman is still standing and lets Indrajit capture him. Hanuman has mischief up his sleeves and tail. Indrajit takes him to his father's court. Hanuman saw ten-headed Ravana sitting on a golden lion throne supported by four legs: Hubris, Lust, Pride and Jealousy. Hanuman is the ambassador from Rama. Ravana does not have time or inclination to honor the court protocols for emissaries. He denies Hanuman a seat.  That denial gets his goat and Hanuman's tail grows longer by intention. Guess what. He winds the tail in coils and sits on top of it, so the coiled tail-seat was higher than Ravana's throne and his face above Ravana's. He was equal, rather more equal. Exasperated by Hanuman's long-tail antics, Ravana raised his throne a notch higher. You thought only nowadays, we have chairs with adjustable backrest, headrest, armrest and seat height. Not so. Hanuman followed suit and raised his seat. Ravana wanted to kill Hanuman. Vibhīṣaṇa prevailed against it.

                                                         Rāma, Rāma: What a-rāma (a Sight).

 -rāma is a noun suffix meaning "sight, view, spectacular display or instance of," 1824, abstracted from panorama (q.v.), ultimately from Greek horama "sight, spectacle, that which is seen."  Examples: Vote-a-Rama; Spic-o-Rama; Scam-o-Rama; Windowrama; Groove-A-Rama; Bannanarama; Hobbyrama; Word-O-Rama; Casinorama; List-O-Rama...

Panorama, foodarama, cinerama,  dancearama, Cylorama, Futurama, Telerama...
Without wasting much time, Hanuman comes straight to the point: Immediate release of Sita unharmed and honorably for transport to Rama, who will forgive him for his transgression. Ravana thinks to himself. 'You are a simian. What can you do to a mighty king like me?' (At this time Ravana does not know the divine protectors of Ravana and Sri Lanka Siva and Parvati left the Island leaving both vulnerable.) His ten heads hatch a plan for humiliation of Hanuman. Hanuman was an Amsa (a mote or a fragment) of Siva.  Ravana: you have a mile-long tail. See what I can do with it. He calls the minions to wrap the end of the tail with oil-rags and set it on fire. A monkey with a flaming tail! That is a sight to see. Rama, Rama, What-a-rama! That is fun to watch. It did not catch fire. Hanuman suggested to Ravana to blow on the oil rag. Stupid Ravana blew on the tail, which caught fire and singed the beards and mustaches of his ten heads. If Ravana had half the brain of Hanuman, he would not have done it. Ravana slapped himself (He needed that.) on ten faces to put out the fire, provoking laughter. Poor Ravana, he did not understand, -though endowed with ten heads- what Hanuman can do with his lit tail, leaping flames and brilliant head. Rama, Rama, What a Ravana.

                                                                         Flames: Credit YouTube. 

                     Rama, Rama, What a -rama (= a Sight, a Spectacle).                              

Yes, every one-headed human guessed it right. Hanuman whipped his tail and escaped from the guards and the palace by shapeshifting to a small size. Once he was out, he became very large. He is off in leaps and bounds and flies all over Lanka, setting everything on fire. Sita invoked the fire-god Agni (timely help), who kept the fire alive at the end of the tail without burning it. I bet the wind-god (the putative  father) was fanning the flames of the tail without burning it. The destruction was the handiwork of Siva because Hanuman was the Amsa of Siva. Hanuman spared Vibhishana's palace and the Ashoka gardens from the ravages of fire. The ten heads of Ravana depict ten bad qualities: passion, pride, anger, greed, infatuation, lust, hatred, jealousy, selfishness and crookedness (Swami Sivananda).
Once the land of Ravana goes up in smoke and fire, he dips his flaming tail in the Gulf of Maṉṉar, shortens it to its normal length and goes to Rama. Remember, Hanuman is a Yogi. He can do all these things. Hanuman's body is the Amsa of Siva and his tail is the Amsa of Sakthi. Amsam = part, portion or fragment. That is why Hanuman's tail was so powerful. Just a nub of news: We all have a nub of tail in us. Some babies are born with a visible nub of tail. That tail is a telltale evidence of our emergence from the phylogenetic tree of apes.


                
Look at the skeletons of all in the above image. You see a nub of bone where the tail should be.

Hanuman gives Sita's hair-jewel and his signet ring to Rama and reports what he saw.
Ravana's supremacy on earth came from the boon given to him by Brahma. The Asuras ( A+ Sura = Not god; evil cousins of gods, Ravana included) felt cheated out of Amṛta (Ambrosia) from the Milk Ocean. Brahma gave them a long life, the next best thing to immortality. Ravana was jittery because he saw threats from Devas, other Asuras, Gandharvas, Yakshas, Nagas...Brahma obliges him with protection from the above beings. Brahma's boon was a truncated boon: Only he knew its limitations. Ravana did not worry about Naras (humans), because they posed no threat in his opinion. Power-hungry Ravana conquers the world and ousts the Devas (Suras) from heaven. All the oppressed go to Brahma and ask him how to defeat and destroy the tyrant rabid Ravana. Brahma told them Ravana did not request protection from Naras (humans). He suggested to go to Vishnu and beg him to take Avatar as Rama to destroy Ravana. Rama in truth was neither a complete man nor a complete god. Rama was a hybrid, transcending both man and god. That hybrid constitution and personality spelled death to Ravana, who did not ask for protection from a hybrid Being.  (See, the theory of hybridization was known in India.)
Sugriva or Hanuman is neither a god, nor an asura, nor a human, nor a Raksasa, nor a Gandharva, nor a Yaksha nor a Naga. So, both of them are beyond the reach and provision of safety and protection offered by Brahma's boon. Ref--Adapted from Hanuman's Tale by Philip Lutgendorf

                                              Rama, Rama: What a-rama (a sight or a spectacle)

 
 
There is another version of how Hanuman extinguished his burning tail. Hanuman could not extinguish his tail. Sita tells him to put the end of the tail in his mouth and shut it. The tail is extinguished from lack of oxygen. (You have seen fire-breathers extinguish flame on a stick by putting it in the mouth and shutting the mouth.) Hanuman's facial hair singed and the face becomes black. He complained to Sita. Sita said she would make the face of all langurs black, so that Hanuman does not look odd and become the laughing stock of other langurs. They are the Hanuman Langurs and not the red-faced rhesus macaques.                                                

Polynomial Hanuman goes by a multiplicity of names.

1.       Hanuman: The one with prominent jaw.

2.       Añjaneya: Son of Anjana. Metronymic name.

3.       Kesari Nandan: Son of Kesari. (Patronymic name; eponym.)

4.       Maruti: Son of the Wind. (Patronymic name; eponym)

5.       Bajrang Bali: The Strong One. Eponym after his strength.

6.       Sankata Mochana: The Remover of Dangers.

 7. Pavanputra  pavan = Wind or Siva (Son of Wind-god or Siva)

8. Anjaniputra (Son of Anjani)

9. Chiranjivi. One of the seven immortal beings who will live until the end of the present Kali Yuga.

 

    One having a jaw (haum) that is prominent (mant)".

 

Images: Credit Wikipedia. Source Mathura Museum.  Anjana holding Baby Hanuman in the right hand.

Hanuman is the quintessence of strength, heroism, excellence, Sakti and Bhakti.   Hanuman = Hanu +Mant = Jaw + Prominent
Hanuman means, 'Heavy-jawed.' He is the paragon of Virtue, and the epitome of self-control, faith and service under difficult circumstances belying his looks. He was a great warrior, a friend and a devotee of Rama...

Hanuman at birth  was not naked like all newborns but wore divine jewels, a red loincloth, Munja grass sacred thread and two invisible gold earrings, the latter seen by Rama only at his first encounter. He had a short and thick neck. His face was round like the moon and red like the fire. His fangs were white and sharp. The poet describes his mane as a wreath of Asoka flowers. His flailing tail was like the flapping Indra’s banner. Hanuman can grow in all directions in an instant. The ‘Incredible Hulk’ the American TV series depicted a hero who grew and expanded instantly ripping his clothes, when he was righteously angered.  Yes, he was all 7 feet and 330 lbs., when he blew his stack. Incredible hulk was no match to Hanuman, who can shapeshift to an atom or to the size of a rippling mountain, billions or zillions of kilograms in weight. The saying goes, "Don't judge a book by its cover." Likewise, don't judge Anjaneya by his appearance. He was a Vedic Scholar. He was the Son of Siva. His Guru was the Sun Himself. Why sun. Because sun illuminates everything in its sight. When Rama met Anjaneya, he was greatly impressed by his chaste language, perfect diction, precise grammar... (I wish I have them.) Rama stated his heart, mind and soul were thoroughly delighted by Hanuman's speech. Hey, you see a Valmiki, a Kamban, a Shakespeare... in Hanauman.

Indrajit, the son of Ravana, saw the ferocious fighter Hanuman kill his brother Akshakumara and the five field commanders and wondered what would happen to Sri Lanka, if a troop of monkeys like Hanuman landed in his country. Ravenous Ravana saw a hero in Hanuman, observing his feat.

அக்ஷகுமாரன்  =  அக்ஷயம் + குமாரன் = Akṣaya + Kumāran = The son of + the Indestructible [Ravana]. 

Kesari and Añjanā were a couple. Kesari was a devotee of Siva. He used to go on pilgrimages and when he found a beautiful garden in his travels, he would sit there and meditate. Añjanā and Kesari prayed to Siva for a son. Siva gave them the boon of being born in the womb of Añjanā . Siva took his birth as Hanuman or Añjaneya, his metronymic name.  Ramayana is the garland and Anjaneya is the gem: Mahāmālaratna. 

Though Kesari was the wedded husband of Añjanā, Vayu - the wind-god- transported the divine power of Siva into the womb of Añjanā. Wind-god was only a carrier (delivery boy) and not really the biological father of Hanuman. Hanuman is an incarnation of Siva himself. Confusing? What do you say in prayer? O my father in heaven. You have an earthly father and a father in heaven. Are we all the children of God? Likewise, we are all the children of Siva.

Añjanā married ape Kesarin. She later married the wind-god who was the carrier of Siva's Amsa to the womb of Añjanā, bore Hanuman as the biological son of Siva. But why? The answer is simple. No one can take on Ravana but Hanuman. Hanuman's body must be endowed with the power and potency of Siva. Siva has 11 heads. Ravana sacrificed 10 heads to Siva. But he had no more heads to satisfy and equate the last head of Siva-Rudra. So Rudra incarnates as the body of Hanuman, and Sakthi (power) becomes Hanuman's tail. Now Ravana's fate is signed, sealed and delivered.

Rudra-avatara = Hanuman.

Here is the story behind the story. Siva and Parvati disported themselves in a forest as monkeys. Yes, the divine pair do things like this. (Did you not want to fly like a bird, run like a horse, hang from the tree branch by the prehensile tail of a monkey...) Another example. Siva was alone doing penance. He was thrown out by Parvati from the home in Kailash. Siva took the form of a Chandala, unbenownst to Parvati. Parvati was no fool, knew the antics of Siva and came to seduce yogic Siva. Have you known a wedded couple seduce each other in a motel on a waterbed? Her divine intuition and vision told her who that Chandala was. Parvati without the knowledge of Siva-Chandala, morphed into a Chandala woman, approached Siva and asked him to teach her Yoga (union with Universal consciousness). Siva was well-known as the Yogi of yogis. Who else can teach Yoga better than Siva? Siva-Chandala never saw a ravishing Chandala woman in his life. Siva-Chandala cast a  come-hither look at Parvati. Parvati obliged. There the story ends with the rest left to your fertile imagination. There are more things in this story than meet the eye. Chandala in the olden days was looked down upon as the progeny of a high-caste Brahmana mother and a Sudra father. In the bad old days, that was a stain on the Brahmana family. Nowadays it is not uncommon. It is like miscegenation in the west in America before the 1950s.  There were prohibitive miscegenation laws. Our story simply tells the humanity that all people are children of Siva, no matter what their race, castes, religions, colors,... Siva is God, Brahmana, Ksatriya, Vaisya, Sudra (Siva's father-in-law Daksha called Siva a Sudra.), Chandala, tribal...

Back to our story. It was a Halloween night for them as Siva and Parvati played monkeys. Here there are more tricks than treats. (Siva being the father and Sakti being his power, Hanuman can shapeshift and morph.) Siva's vital fluid escapes. Immediately he summons the Wind-God to carry his semen to Añjanā who was praying to Siva for a son. The Wind-God obliges and carries the semen to Añjanā, who becomes pregnant with Siva. Before the Wind-God delivered the semen of Siva into her womb, Añjanā felt someone was touching and caressing her thighs. Yes, it was the Wind-God who did that. It is like the obstetrician administering the semen into a woman's womb (artificial insemination). Necessarily, his dextrous hands come into contact with the patient's thighs. All the moves are professional and above reproach. So was the case with Wind-God. Talking about Wind-God (Vayu Bhagavan) and fertilization, the wind carries pollens from one flower to another flower. You see he is only a carrier of pollens (Pollinator) as in the case of transportation of Siva's vital fluid to Añjanā. Take the honey bee, hopping from flower to flower and sucking up the nectar. The pollens get stuck all over its body and get transported to another flower and thus the bee helps pollination. The bee is only a carrier of pollens.  By the way, honey bee's original home was South Asia (India).  Another tidbit. Siva in one of his escapades, chases after Mohini and spills his vital fluid on earth. Those spills became the veins of gold and silver. Now you know our ancestors knew alchemy. These stories are apologues to teach us lessons and should not be taken in a literal sense. The universal God is Consciousness with no attributes. Men give attributes to describe the indescribable.

 Since Siva was in the simian form disporting in the simian jungle with simian Parvati, the baby born to Añjanā had the features of a monkey. DNA never lies. Since the wind-god was the intermediary (transporter), Hanuman was strong and fast as the wind. Since the wind-god was a messenger for (Indra and) Siva, it was natural Hanuman was also a Dūta (messenger, Envoy, Ambasador) to Ravana. Since Hanuman was the son/Avatar of Siva, he was learned in all arts.  Siva Peruman and Parvati were the Guardians of Sri Lanka. When Ravana abducted Sita, all privileges and protection were terminated by Siva and Parvati and they left Sri Lanka. Ravana without Siva and Parvati was left to his own devices, which were not enough to save him and his kingdom. They sent their Amsas in the body, mind, and soul of Anjaneya or Pavanputra (Pavan = Siva; Putra = son). Now you know the rest.

Siva and Parvati played the role of the simians. There is an implied lesson in this. We were apes before we were humans. If Siva was a simian,he was an in-dweller or inner abider in the simian. If he is the inner abider in the simian, he must be the inner abider in all animal kingdom.

Though we are the sons of Siva, we are all dumbed-down versions of Siva. Siva is MAXI and we are Mini. Remember Mini-me in Austin Powers movies.  Why so? Siva is Pure Consciousness. We have human consciousness, a zillion times less powerful than Siva's conciousness. Our souls are covered with Malas. Once the impurities are removed we become Siva himself. There is a Tamil saying: அவர் தூணிலும் இருப்பார் துரும்பிலும் இருப்பார். It means God is in the pillar (Narasimha Avatara) and in a dust particle (atomic = extremely minute particle). Siva Nataraja dances in the universe stage and also in the atom. He is omnipresent, omniscient and omnipotent. Neither the universe nor God will disappear. One universe may die in the Black Hole but another universe rises to take its place.

 

A true story: A doctor's malfeasance.

Here is a human being PLAYING GOD with people's lives. The women in the USA sought the doctor's help for anonymous donor fertilization of their ova. What the doctor did was to use his own sperm to fertilize the ova of these women (his patients).

Though I am a devotee of Siva, I am reminded of a real-life episode in North America. A fertility doctor promising to provide anonymous donor insemination services, used surreptitiously his own semen to fertilize the ova of his childless patients.

 "Investigators found no evidence that any donor program actually existed. Some of Jacobson's patients who had conceived through donor insemination agreed to genetic testing. At least seven instances were identified in which Jacobson was the biological father of the patients' children, including one patient who was supposed to have been inseminated with sperm provided by her husband. DNA tests linked Jacobson to at least 15 such children, and it has been suspected that he fathered as many as 75 children by impregnating patients with his own sperm.[4]"

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cecil_Jacobson

Om Namasivaya.

Añjanā rode a scorpion. The scorpion sting did not bother her. Or the scorpion dared not sting her. She was an Apsarasas, a celestial beauty. When people are stung by scorpion, the victims pray to Añjanā for full recovery.  

Who is an Apsarasas?  She is the Essence of the Waters, moving in the water or clouds. She is a professional Seductress in heaven or Svarga, Indra's heaven. These celestial nymphs are mistresses of Gandharvas, the celestial musicians. They dance for gods. The most ravishing beauty in the universe is Urvasi. Yes, an Apsarasas. An Apsarasas can assume any shape, most often that of a bird. Warriors who die in battle are carried away by the Apsarasas in brilliant chariot to Indra's paradise. It is similar to that of the Teutonic Valkyries.  You cross a god in heaven. You are in big trouble.  They seduce the Risis and ascetics and drive them mad. Promiscuity is their stock-in-trade. (They play Sugar Babies to Sugar Daddies.) They were known to abandon their earth babies upon completion of their pelvic mission and go back to heaven.  Ref: Harper's Dictionar of Hinduism by Margaret and James Stutely. Harper & Row.

When Lakshmana died in the battlefield and Rama was exhausted, an herb in the mountain of Himalayas had the power to resurrect Lakshmana and rejuvenate Rama from exhaustion. Hanuman flew to the Himalayas at the speed of wind and thought, uprooted one peak with herbal plants (Dronagiri) and brought it to Lakshmana. Lakshmana resurrected with the help of Sanjivani herb. Rama recovering from exhaustion blessed Hanuman with a perpetual life. He is one of the eight immortal beings (Chiranjivis) until the end of Kali Yuga: Hanuman, Vyasa, Parasurama, Vibhishana, Asvattama, Bali, Kripacharya, and Markandeya.                               

Here is a painting of Ravi Varma depicting Hanuman carrying the herbal mountain.

A sea monster swallowed Hanuman, who induced vomiting in the monster from inside and escaped.   

Kalanemi the Old Nemesis Strikes again in the Name of Kamsa.  Killing Kamsa was not a Tamasa for Krishna. But Krishna had to do it.

Kālanemi is a demon and an evil Avatar opposed to Vishnu in all His Divine Avatars.  He pops up like a poisonous mushroom, whenever Vishnu takes a Divine Avatar. Poor Kālanemi, he gets clobbered and killed everytime and yet he does not give up and is reborn as the enemy of Vishnu Avatars.

Kālanemi was a Dānava, the son of Danu (one of the daughters of Diti). Kālanemi personifies the Wheel of Time.  Kāla = Time. Nemi = Circular rim of a wheel or part of the rim. Call him Wheel of Time Demon, or simply Wheel Demon. He, being a Rākṣasa, took his birth as Kasa, killed by Krishna. Kālanemi was the uncle of Ravana, who sought the help of Kālanemi to kill Hanumat -remember he set Ravana's kingdom on fire-, the friend of Rama, with a promise of dominion over half his kingdom. Kālanemi disguised himself as a recluse and invited Hanumat for a sumptuous eight-course dinner. Hanumat declined his invitation and went to the river for ablution. Would you accept a dinner invitation from a total stranger? A crocodile in waiting, seized him by the foot and dragged him into the depths of the river.  Hanumat killed the croc. Out of its body emerged an Apsaras, a beauty of all climes and times. She was cursed a long time ago by Dakṣa to become a crocodile with a promise she would be released when the crocodile died in the hands of Hanumat. Release from the curse exhilarated her and she warned Hanumat that Kālanemi intended to kill him at the behest of Ravana. Dinner invitation was the ruse of the false recluse. Hanumat returned to the hermitage, caught Kālanemi by his heel and flung him so hard he landed before the throne of Ravana in Laṅkā to claim half his kingdom unconvincingly.  In the West there was Dwarf-tossing or Midget-tossing sports - now outlawed. Strong men fling a well-padded and helmeted dwarf. The strongest man who throws the protected dwarf farthest on to a mattress gets the prize. Now we know Hanuman was the founder and the father of the tossing sports. I personally am opposed to the sports in real life. Everybody deserves respect and dignity. Ref: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dwarf-tossing

  Midget-Tossing Image Credit: Chtistian McQueen

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Remember Kamsa, the reincarnation of Kalanemi. He was a bad dude. He hated Krishna, his parents, and his sister. Krishna's parents were Devaki and Vasudeva. Devaki was the sister of Kamsa, who heard that Devaki's male child would kill him one day. Krishna at birth in the prison of Kamsa, was smuggled out by his father and replaced by infant Durga. Kamsa the incarnation of Kālanemi, flung the Durga baby out of spite intending to kill her. Durga as she was air-borne emitted a voice from the sky that Kamsa's death was a certainty at the hands of Krishna. She simply vanished from the sky without falling on earth. You saw wedding pictures of Durga and Siva. Guess who gives away Durga to Siva. Yes, It was Krishna, Durga's brother doing the honor.

Here is a lesson. Kamsa was demonic, while his sister Devaki was so divine that Bhagavan Krishna Himself decided to be born of her womb. Man can be Pasu, Vira or Divya (animal, man, Divine). Kamsa chose to be demonic and his sister chose to be the mother of the Divine. Going from Pasu to Vira to Divya is the goal of man. Some are born Pasu and remain Pasu for life. Some are Vira. Some are Divya. Some go from Pasu to Vira to Divya. All the tyrants of the past and the present are the Pasus. Most of the people remain Vira, abiding by the laws and customs. Some are born Divine at the beginning: Krishna, The Buddha, Jesus Christ.

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Vayu Bhagavan the life sustainer of all air-breathing beings can become cyclonic and violent. In Vedic times, Vayu, Varuṇa and Agni were the Holy Triad. You heard about the Aryans. They were a nomadic tribe. They knew their cattle, the horse... They lived under the sky, were drenched by the rain..., What they could not control were apotheosized as gods. Naturally they worshipped the pentad as gods: Akasha, Vayu, Agni, Water and Prithvi = Ether, Air, Fire, Water, and Earth. They wanted to pacify and control these elemental gods. They offered sacrifices to these gods, to whom they gave names: Indra, Varuna... Their list of gods expanded. They dug pits for fire sacrifice. The fire-god carried the supplications of the Indo-Aryans to the gods, who send them rain... To them, the relationship with gods was transactional: I give you sacrificial offerings and you give something in return: rain, cattle... These commercial transactions went to a ridiculous entent that the purveyors of  fire sacrifice declared that gods will die of starvation if not for their sacrifices. Later, the elemental gods were replaced by the holy triad: Brahma, Vishnu and Siva. The Indo-Aryans turned their mind inside and came up with deep thought philosophy. In south India, there was flowering of Saiva Siddhanta...

 

The wind-God in his violent temper broke the summit of Mount Meru, the Axis Mundi, egged on by Narada Muni. Garuda spread its wings over Mount Meru and protected it from Vayu. In an unguarded moment of Garuda, Vayu ripped off part of the Mount Meru and threw the humongous rock in the Indian ocean creating the Island of Sri Lanka. You thought Sri Lanka formerly Ceylon is sitting on the Indian Plate, a tectonic plate, part of the Indo-Australian Plate. That is science. Now the mythology. Sri Lanka is a teardrop island, the summit of Mount Meru broken by Vayu Bhagavan and lobbed into the Indian ocean just south of Ramesvaram. The tsunami created by this catastrophic fall of the mountain peak spread around the world creating 100 foot waves. It took a year for things to return to normal. If you are a mythologizer, the latter sounds very believable.  Hanuman, Vayu's putative son, broke the summit of Dronagiri the life-saving herbal peak and transported it for the revival of Rama and resurrection of Lakshmana. Hanuman was following his putative father’s footsteps (that of Vayu Bhagavan). Both Vayu Bhagavan and Hanuman break and move mountains.  Hanuman’s biological father Siva lives in Kailas the snowcapped mountain peak and married Parvati, the daughter of the king of mountain, Himavan (= Himavat = Parvat = mountain). The daughter of Parvat is Pārvati, the consort of Siva.

Vayu Bhagavan was a lecher (Sorry to out [expose] him), though married to the daughter of Visvakarma (the great architect of the gods) in addition to Bharati and Swasti. Vayu Bhagavan was the original Long Dong Silver. His male hormones must have been raging wild. That over-produced, under-expressed and redundant energy, he used to break the summit of Mount Meru, while his father-in-law Visvakarma was an architect and builder. He was like the rutted elephant, a zillion times more so. O my, run for cover, if you can beat his long transcontinental strides.

Vayu Bhagavan had a man cave called Gandhavati. On his outings, he rode a gazelle carrying a flag. The gazelle I see in the picture looks like a hybrid, a cross between a horse and a gazelle. It must be a chimera, I suppose. Vayu Bhagavan must be careful riding this chimera. Look at the horns at his eye level. He needs protective goggles.

Deities preside over and protect our organs: Eyes, ears... People can live without them but not without the Wind-God. When he leaves, he leaves behind a dead body. He is that important for life and living.

Wind-God always travels with Vishnu, Lakshmi and obviously Garuda. Long live the Wind-God in you.

The Killer Whale and the Seal: Playing with the Food.

The Toss and the Gulp

Remember Hamnuman lobbed Kalanemi in disguise of a recluse across the Gulf of Mannar to land in Sri Lanka. Here is a whale story.

You hear moms telling children Not To Play With Food. You know people throw a peanut up in the air and catch it with the open mouth. Animals do them too. Take a pod of Killer Whales at sea. They surround the seal taking a sunbath on the ice float. A pod circles around the sun worshipper. One whale hits the seal with its tail fin. The seal goes up 80 feet into the air. It is disabled and on its way down, enters the cavernous mouth of the killer whale.

 

 Image:Krishna killing Kamsa, the bad avatar of Kālanemi.   Poor fellow, he was tossed by Hanuman in the previous life and now as Kamsa gets pummeled by Lord Krishna.

Painting by Ravi Varma: Credit: the rrvhfoundation.com

 
 
 
 

 Hanuman was a shrewd judge of character. Vibhisana with his four captains came to Rama to join his side. Sugriva, Angadhan, Sarabha, Jambavan… suspected his motives. Only Hanuman had the foresight to advise Rama of his noble intention. He said to Rama and others:
"Vibishan comes no crafty spy :
Urged by his brother's fault to fly,
With righteous soul that loathes the sin,
He fled from Lanka and his kin,"  --Kamba Ramayanam   Translation by M.S.Purnalingam Pillai  'Ravana the king of Lanka'

The painting Of Vibhishana's Surrender: Credit: legacyofwisdom  

When Hanuman was tortured in the court of Ravana, fearless and brave Vibhīṣaṇa told Ravana, “It is very wrong to persecute an emissary.” Because he continued to point out Ravana’s evil ways, Vibhīṣaṇa was chased out of the palace. He took refuge with Rama. No one except Rama and Lakshmana were prepared to trust him. Other compatriots of Rama looked at him as Ravana’s spy.
Hanuman pointedly spoke of the support he received in Ravana’s court from Vibhīṣaṇa and was responsible for Rama’s decision to offer Vibhīṣaṇa refuge. This is what we call as Saranagathi.

Saranagathi or Prapatti in Vaishnavism is a total surrender to God.
Surrender in Vaishnavism goes beyond the dictionary meaning. It is a technical term. The following is what it means. I do not know what Dharma, Dhyana, and Bakthi mean. They are foreign to me and my being. I am a destitute (அகிஞ்சனன் akiñcaṉaṉ, n. < a-kiñcana. Destitute person; தரித்திரன்.). This destitute surrenders to you: Vishnu, Rama, Krishna, and their consorts.
Bhagavadgita 18:66
sarva-dharmān parityajya mām ekam śaraṇam vraja
aham tvām sarva-pāpebhyaḥ mokṣyayiṣyāmi mā śucaḥ 18.66

Krishna Paramatma says in bhagavadgita:
(18.66) Abandoning all duties, come to Me alone for shelter. Be not grieved, for I shall release thee from all evils. Translation by Dr. Radhakrishnan.

Image result for Vibhisana surrenders to Rama

In the war that happened later, Indrajit’s (Ravana’s son) Brahmāstra felled a multitude of fighting monkeys. Hanuman on the suggestion of Vibhīṣaṇa through Jāmbhavān brought Sañjīvī mountain whose herb restored the breath of Lakshmana and resurrected the whole contingent of dead monkeys.

Indrajit performed Nikumpalai Yāgam. With his illusory power, he created an illusory Sita, stood her before Rama and the monkeys, and killed her by the sword, though he let the real Sita to remain in Asokavaṉam. Vibhīṣaṇa told Rama and Lakshmana it was a magical play and ploy, which they should not believe.
When the Ravana Vatham (death of Ravana) happened, Vibhīṣaṇa was installed king of Lanka by Srīrāma.
However, for the timely help by Vibhīṣaṇa and his divine qualities, what Rama wanted to give was not gold or wealth, but Prāṇavākāra Perumal!

The war was over. Rama came back to his kingdom and ascended the throne. Rama gave gifts to all who helped him. He gave a large pearl necklace to Sita, who gave it to Hanuman. He broke open every pearl. People were wondering what he was doing. Some said, “After all he is a monkey. He sees food (a banana) in everything." One challenged Hanuman what he was doing. Hanuman said, he broke each pearl to see Rama and Sita inside each pearl. He did not find them, so they were worthless. A courtier came forward and said, “Does every object contain God inside to be of value? Is your body made of five Mahābhūtās” (Five great elements) have any value?

Hanuman stood up and ripped open his chest and showed his heart. Hey, Hanuman can do such things, put them back and look normal again. Everyone saw Rama and Sita enshrined in his heart. Rama's name was engraved on his bones (You are curious what language it was. Possibility: Tamil and Sanskrit) and inscribed in all cells of his body. He then passes his hand over his chest; it closed and looked whole again. Sita smiled.

Hanuman's Heart. Pinterest

The opening of the heart to reveal The Divine (in Hinduism and Christianity)

Source: The Ramayana Revisited

Sep 30, 2004

by Mandakranta Bose

This is a synopsis.

Hanuman's reluctance to marry.

 

Hanuman had distrubing dreams. Hanuman somehow knew the import (behind the dreams). He realized what his anxious ancestors told him in the dreams: “Hanuman, you offer oblation to us in a proper manner. After your demise, who will offer oblations to us?"

Knowing the unhappiness and its cause, Sita Devi said, “Hanuman, don’t be disheartened. Go to Kishkinda and bring back a bride. I will conduct the wedding ceremony. Your progeny will perform śrāddha for the ancestors." Hanuman sets out on his quest, he wonders how he would get along with a woman. Hanuman thought Sugriva is the best person to advise him on domestic tranquility, left for Kishkinda and explained the situation to Sugriva. 

On the way, he came across the noble king of Tumba, Cañcarīka and Ṛṣi Lomaa. They do not provide the right answers in the choice of a bride. Hanuman goes to the monkey king Sugrīva with 18,000 wives. If anyone should know about women, he is the go-to monkey for advice. Sugrīva keeps their (wives) mouths tied down. (Speak only when you are spoken to.) This enforced silence keeps the peace. Hanuman is unsatisfied with Sugrīvas treatment of his wives. Sugrīva wants to unload his aging wife Tārā as the bride of Hanuman, who does not fall for the hook, line and sinker and ignores the offer. Thanks, but no thanks. Sugrīvas other advice was to seek the hand of monkey princess Cilimpā in the neighboring kingdom. Princess Cilimpā just inherited the kingdom from her father and puts all her suitors to rigorous tests. Failure of tests draws the punishment of getting the tail cut off. What is a monkey without a prehensile tail?  A human! Hanuman the Vedic scholar and a chaste and precise grammarian taking a test? Ridiculous. When was the last time you asked your English professor to spell, supercalifragilisticexpialidocious? Outrargeous. Ignoble, Anomalous. Hanuman carries her off by the hair and flies to Ayodhya. Cilimpā's hubris mellowed and she was impressed with the virility and vitality of Hanuman and announces her love for him on her maiden voyage on the shoulders of Hanuman. (Hanuman Dear, you passed the test!) Hanuman asks her to keep her mouth shut, an advice from Sugriva. Cilimpā is a chattering princess. That is her nature and prerogative. The short-lived romance for Cilimpā ends. Hanuman sees from the blue sky Sugrīva sporting with his 18,000 wives in the Tungabhadra river and drops off Cilimpā on his laps, of course gently. Now you know water sports are the favorite of a couple or an individual with a harem. It is possible the water sports originated with Sugriva. That too with 18,000 wives.  Must be thoroughly exhausting. Not for Sugriva. It must be fun and frolic. Now all over the world, the water sports for a young couple is to take a shower together in the claustrophbic shower stall. Or plop into a Jacuzzi. Hanuman now feels: Good riddance of the Shrew. Here is Hanuman's generosity. He was not offended when Sugriva wanted to unload his the most senior wife (Read old) on Hanuman. In return, Hanuman delivers a young princess Cilimpā (the modern day Sugar Baby) to Sugriva.

Hanuman goes to Ayodhya empty-handed and reports to Sita he has no room for a wife and child in his heart already occupied by Rama and Sita. The only solution is for Hanuman to live forever not as a forlorn bachelor but as blessed bachelor with Sita-Rama in his heart, mind, every cell of his body, speech and soul so he can perform śrāddha to his ancestors. Sita gladly blesses Hanuman with the boon of a long life.    

http://www.hanumanchalisalyrics.com/category/hanuman-chalisa-in-english/

Hanuman Chalisa Full Meaning in English 



Hanuman Chalisa is a devotional hymn of 40 verses dedicated to Lod Hanuman.

Having polished the mirror of my heart
with the dust of my Guru’s lotus feet,
I sing the pure fame of the best of the Raghus,
which bestows the four fruits of life.
Knowing this body to be devoid of intelligence,
I recall the Son of the Wind.
Grant me strength, wit, and wisdom,
and remove my sorrows and shortcomings.

1. Victory to Hanuman, ocean of wisdom and virtue,
Hail Monkey Lord, illuminator of the three worlds.

2. Ram’s emissary, abode of matchless power,
Anjani’s son, named “Son of the Wind.”

3. Great hero, mighty as a thunderbolt,
remover of evil thoughts and companion to the good.

4. Golden-hued and splendidly adorned,
with heavy earrings and curly locks.

5. In your hands shine mace and banner,
a sacred thread of munja grass adorns your shoulder.

6. You are Shiva’s son and Kesari’s joy,
your glory is revered throughout the world.

7. Supremely wise, virtuous, and clever,
you are ever intent on Ram’s work.

8. You delight in hearing of the Lord’s deeds,
Ram, Lakshman, and Sita dwell in your heart.

9. Assuming tiny form you appeared to Sita,
and in awesome guise you burned Lanka.

10. Taking dreadful form you slaughtered demons
and completed Lord Ram’s mission.

11. Bringing the magic herb, you revived Lakshman,
and Ram embraced you with delight.
12. Greatly did the Raghu Lord praise you –
“Brother, you’re as dear to me as Bharat!”

13. “May the thousand-mouthed serpent sing your fame!”
So saying, Shri’s Lord drew you to Himself.

14. Sanak and the sages, Brahma, gods, and great saints,
Narada, Sarasvati, and the king of serpents,

15. Yama, Kubera, and the guardians of the quadrants,
poets and scholars – none can express your glory.

16. You rendered great service to Sugriva,
presenting him to Ram, you gave him kingship.

17. Vibhishana heeded your counsel
and became Lord of Lanka, as all the world knows.

18. Though the sun is thousands of miles away,
you swallowed it, thinking it a sweet fruit.

19. Holding the Lord’s ring in your mouth
it’s no surprise you leapt the ocean.

20. Every arduous task in this world
becomes easy by your grace.

21. You are the guardian of Ram’s door,
none enters without your leave.

22. Taking refuge in you one finds all delight,
those you protect know no fear.

23. You alone can withstand your own splendor,
the three worlds tremble at your roar.

24. Ghosts and goblins cannot come near,
Great Hero, when your name is uttered.

25. All disease and pain is eradicated,
brave Hanuman, by constant repetition of your name.

26. Hanuman releases from affliction
those who remember him in thought, word, and deed.

27. Ram the renunciant reigns over all –
you carry out his every task.

28. One who brings any yearning to you
obtains the fruit of abundant life.

29. Your splendor fills the four ages,
Your glory is famed throughout the world.

30. You are the guardian of saints and sages,
the destroyer of demons, the darling of Ram

31. You grant the eight powers and nine treasures
by the boon you received from Mother Janaki.

32. You hold the elixir of Ram’s name
and remain eternally His servant.

33. Singing your praise, one finds Ram
and escapes the sorrows of countless lives.

34. At death, one goes to Ram’s own city
or is born on earth as God’s devotee.

35. Give no thought to any other deity –
worshipping Hanuman, one gains all delight.

36. All affliction ceases, all pain is removed,
by remembering the mighty hero, Hanuman.

37. Victory, victory, victory to Lord Hanuman!
Be merciful even as is the Divine Master.

38. Whoever recites this a hundred times
is released from bondage and gains bliss.

39. One who reads this Hanuman Chalisa
gains success – Gauri’s Lord bears witness.

40. Says Tulsidas, Hari’s constant servant,
“Lord, make your encampment in my heart.”

Son of the Wind,
Banisher of sorrow and embodiment of blessing,
Dwell in my heart,
King of Gods, together with Ram, Lakshman, and Sita

Here is a pedigree Chart beginning with Brahma. See Ravana, the proband

August 25, 2018

Hanuman & Kauai Aadheenam: Carrying Iraivan Temple across the ocean from India; the bronze statue worshiped at our morning homa; the Hanuman bell  Click the link:  goo.gl/7TyvBB

The present legend of Hanuman in the 21st century is that he carried Iraivan Temple from India to Kauai.

The above painting portrays Hanuman of the 21st century (He is a Chiranjivi - The Immortal until the end of Kali Yuga.) carrying the Iraivan Temple from India across oceans to the island of Kauai in NW Hawaii.

There are various stories about the origin of Lord Hanuman: He was born to the Princess Anjana after she and her husband, Kesari, prayed to Lord Siva; he is an incarnation of Lord Siva as Rudra. He is found in Buddhist, Jain and Sikh scriptures and in stories from across Southeast Asia, China and Japan, where He is the divine being Saruta Biko. Hanuman may be the subject of Rig Veda hymn 10.86. He appears in the Ramayana, Mahabharata and Puranas and is best known today as the divine helper to Lord Rama.

The How, the Why, the Who, and the When. Let us go back to the future. Hawaii. In the early 1970s, Gurudeva had visions of Hanuman and received messages from Him on how to train his monastic order. As plans for Iraivan Temple unfolded, Guruda deva found it most apt to credit the monkey deva—known as the epitome of loyalty, strength and service to God—with bringing the massive temple to Kauai, just as He once transported Mount Dronagiri from the Himalayas to Sri Lanka.   Click the link:  goo.gl/7TyvBB

Panchamukhi Hanuman.  Five-faced Hanuman: Varaha, Garuda, Anjaneya, Narasimha and Hyagriva.  

Panchmukhi Hanuman: Ravana had a brother Mahi-ravana, the ruler of the Underworld. During the great war, Mahiravana impersonating Vibhishana took unconscious Rama and Lakshmana to Patala, the nether world and secreted them out of sight. To rescue them, Hanuman had to kill the demonic king. It was difficult. There were lamps illuminating five directions. All lamps should be extinguished simultaneously before the great demon of the underworld was killed. Hanuman became five gods stationed strategically in five directions to extinguish the lamps and the life of the great demon. The gods were east-facing Hanuman, sky-facing Hyagrīva, south-facing Narasimha, west-facing Garuda and north-facing Varaha. Once Mahiravana was killed, Rama and Lakshmana were rescued.

Panchmukhi Hanuman is an auspicious Lord.

The Story of the Crystal Lingam as seen above in the Iraivan Temple, Kauai. 

Coleman discovers 3' 3" crystal in his mine in Arkansas in 1972. Hauled it to the surface and forgot about it. Weighed about 500 lbs. In July 1987 Almitra Zion was scouting for a crystal for Saiva Siddhanta Church. She had a vision. She found the crystal, and bought it. On August 12, 1987, it arrived in Kauai, Hawaii. Crystals are the highest form of Lingam.  Source: https://goo.gl/WzP4Lp 

In Japan, Hanuman goes by the name, Saruta Biko: Divine monkey guarding the temples like Saru Gami.

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Hanuman as perceived by the Asian Cultures.

Sūn Wùkōng:  Sūn = Monkey.  Wùkōng = "awakened to emptiness"

Sun Wukong and Lord Hanuman: Are they the same?  Chinese philosopher Hu Shi thinks that Sun Wukong with magical powers was an import from India. Many Indians visited China and carried Hanuman stories.   

Ji Xianlin, Chinese Indologist in the 1980s translated and published Ramayana. The Chinese took the essential character of Hanuman and made him their own in the name of brave Sun Wukong, the Monkey King.

The stone-born Sun Wukong is obviously stone-strong and can lift 17,550 lbs. or 7,960 kg. He was capable of shapeshifting, transformation and metamorphosis like Hanuman. He commands wind, though Hanuman was the son of the Wind (actually Siva). He can freeze humans, demons and gods.

Sun Wukong is a composite character, a sort of Hybrid made of elements of Chinese lore and Hanuman.

The magical stone splits and an egg emerges from it. The wind blows on the egg and it becomes a stone monkey, which can crawl and walk. This stone monkey ate and drank and made friends with other animals and monkeys. After many trials, tribulations and successes, The Buddha granted Buddhahood on the stone-born monkey who becomes 'Victorious Fighting Buddha.’

Sun Wukong is known in Korea, Vietnam, Java, Thailand, Malaya and Singapore by variations in his name.

https://goo.gl/VdEFnS

This is the depiction of palmar creases of the hand: Heart Line or The Distal Palmar Crease; Head Line or The Proximal Palmar Crease; The Life Line or the Thenar Crease. In monkeys, apes... there is a Transverse Palmar Crease (TPC) as depicted in the picture. In people, TPC has an incidence of 1.25 percent. In children with Down Syndrome or Trisomy 21, the incidence of TPC is very high.  In anthropoid primates, TPC is the norm.  Genetics and Dermatoglyphics.

                                        

      
 Here is a comparison of palm creases in a man, anthropoid primate and the palm drawing. They all have Transverse Palmar Crease (TPC).  In children with Down Syndrome or Trisomy 21, the incidence of TPC is very high.  In anthropoid primates, TPC is the norm. -Genetics and Dermatoglyphics.  A colleague of mine with bilateral transverse creases of the palms was a professor.