Garland of Betel Leaves
வெற்றிலை மாலை
Veeraswamy Krishnaraj
File under construction
Om Sri Hanumate Namah
Date of Last Edition of this article: July 20, 2019

Ram Parivar Painting By Raja Ravi Varma (1848-1906)

                              


I introduce the modern genetic concept of Chimeras in the Hindu Pantheon of Gods. Another modern concept for the west, but not to us, is Cloning. Here is a link on Unity of Life: UnityOfLife.html
January 4, 2019
Hanuman Jayanti celebrations took place in Sri Maha Vallabha Ganapathi Devasthanam on January 4, 2019. This write-up was part of the email I received from the temple, inclusive of the portrait of Lord Hanuman, as seen below

Añjani garbha sambhūta
kapīndra sachivottamam |
Rāmapriya namastubhyam
hanuman rakṣa sarvadā ||
Meaning: I take refuge in Hanumān Who was born from the womb of mother Anjani and who is the most excellent minister of the King of Monkeys (i.e. Sugriva) who is extremely dear to Rāma. I bow to you O Hanumān please protect me always.

Sri Hanumān is identified as Rāma Dūta (emissary). Śri Hanuman’s strength flowed from his intense faith and devotion to Śri Rāma on Whose name He was constantly meditating. It was no wonder that Brahmajñāna or knowledge of the Supreme was revealed to Sri Hanumān by Rāma Himself. The Sundara Kānda, which is the most auspicious and widely read section of epic Rāmāyanā, is filled with His intelligent, thoughtful, brave, courageous, inspiring and confidence-building deeds. He humbly wished to remain as Rāma Dāsā (Sri Rāmā's servant), and was blessed to be a Chiranjīvi (immortal).
Śri Hanumān is also known as Śri Ānjaneya (Anjana’s son) and is believed to be still living  among us, helping us in mystical ways. Like lord Ganeśa, Hanumān, is also believed to be not afflicted by Śri Śanaischara (Saturn). It is therefore customary to pray to Hanumān to nullify or diminish the
ill-effects of Saturn. Hanumān is said to have rescued Śri Śanaischara from the clutches of Rāvana. In gratitude, Śri Śanaischara promised to protect Sri Hanumān’s devotees. A rational explanation for this belief could be that when we pray to Sri Hanumān, He would nullify our karma resulting from our selfish acts, by inspiring us to devote our lives in humble selfless service.
Tulsidās composed the vastly popular Hanumān Chālisā (40 verses on Hanumān). Chanting the Hanumān Chālisā ( See below) is a popular way of expressing our devotion to Lord Hanumān. Every year, The Hindu Temple Society of North America (Śri Mahā Vallabha Ganapathi Devasthānam), organizes a eleven-day chanting of Chālisā eleven times a day, beginning from ten days before Hanumān Jayanti (birthday) and culminating With His Jayanti.

On the occasion of Sri Jayanti, may all pray to Sri Hanumān and receive His Blessings for happiness and success in all our endeavors.

                                                                               Om Rāma dhūtāya vidhmahē Vāyuputrāya dhīmahi|
                                                                                                    Tannō Hanumat prachodayāt||
 





 
Digambara Anjaneyar. Namakkal
Anjaneya (Upadevata = Demigod) was on a mission. His search for Sita abducted by Ravana was extensive in Lanka. He jumped off the Mahendra Hill to Lanka.

                                                                                  
                                                                              Cat's Paw

                                                                            

Anjaneya had Yogic attribute: Shapeshifting, the ability to change the physical form and size at will.
He shapeshifted to a cat ("
long-haired silver Tabby Cat"), entered Sri Lanka and searched for Sita unseen and unknown to anyone (human). Surasa the mother of Nagas and Simhika, the daughter of Diti tried to impede his jump. He defeated them. Siva and Parvati the protectors of Sri Lanka, left as soon as Hanuman in his search of Sita entered Sri Lanka. That is the beginning of trouble for Ravana thus far protected by Siva and Parvati. Hanuman took the size and shape of a cat and entered the palace of Ravana and did not find Sita there. He met Vibhishana, brother of Ravana and a friend of Rama, who directed him to Ashoka garden. Hanuman took his original native form. Anjaneya was the biological son of Siva and beneficiary of the power of Sakti of Parvati. When the Guardians left Sri Lanka, they were siding with Anjaneya and did not want any conflicts with Pavanputra, Siva's son (Pavan Putra = Siva's son. Pavan has two meanings: Siva or Wind.) and Rama himself. Pavan Putra or Anjaneya found Sita in the Asoka forest. Yes, there was a woman of divine nature with sallow complexion surrounded by Raksasis (Ogresses).  Hanuman appeared before Sita, who thought he was Ravana in disguise. Ravana appeared before Sita in the guise of a Sanyasin in Janasthana back in the hermitage in India. Sita said to Hanuman, "Why do you appear before me now as a monkey?"  Then Rama's signet ring in the hands of Hanuman appeared before the eyes of Sita, who was convinced Hanuman was Rama's friend and emissary.
Note: Sita spoke to Hanuman in the Dravidian tongue: Tamil. --Purnalingam Pillai, a well-known Tamil Scholar and author. Yes, Sita was a polyglot. In India, Sanskrit and Tamil are the Classical Languages. Tamil has the unique status that it is a living language of the Tamils from time immemorial.
Anjaneya introduced himself with bent knee and opposed palms, and narrated the story of Rama and Lakshmana since her abduction. He gave the Rama's signet ring to Sita to prove that he was sent by him in search of her. Sita saw the Signet ring engraved with '
Rama, Rama, Rama.' That was the ring her father gave to Rama. She in turn gave her own hair-jewel to give to Rama. Sita was grateful to Anjaneya and wanted to offer a gift to him. (Hanuman took back the Signet ring of Rama and held the hair-jewel of Sita for presentation to Rama.)
As a gift meant for an important guest, Sita wanted to give Acatai (Akata) to Hanuman.

                                                          

akṣata. Unbroken grains of rice.

அட்சதை aṭcatai , n. < a-kṣata. 1. Unbroken grains of rice mixed with turmeric or saffron, used in benediction, worship, wedding...

                                                                                                                Credit: https://goo.gl/ARrcaq 

 

Unable to offer Akṣata under the conditions she lived, she looked around and found Betel leaves on a vine. She plucked leaves from the creeper,  sprinkled the leaves on him in an act of benediction and offered her blessings. She made a garland of betel leaves and applied it around the neck of Hanuman, who was exhilarated at the gesture. Both were joyous. From that day onwards, the tradition of applying Betel-leaf garland to Hanuman came into vogue. This practice was also applied to other deities.

Dharma Sastra says that the applied betel-leaf garland should comprise of even number of leaves such as two, four, six, eight… and the areca nuts should be of odd numbers such as one, three, five, seven: The sequence of even numbers of leaves and odd numbers of nuts. The matches are two leaves and one nut, four leaves and three nuts. The leaf should not have the petiole, and the ventral surface of the leaf should be visible to the spectator.  Below is the betel leaf farm, the demand for the leaves being very high.

 

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Rama's premier devotee Hanuman/Anjaneya finds Sita in the Asoka Forest surrounded by ogresses. He gives Rama's ring to Sita, which she recognizes at once. She in return gives her personal hair-jewel to be given to Rama. To honor him as her guest, she weaves a leaf garland for him to wear.
 
Asoka tree flowers and leaves

Here is a Betel Leaf Decoration of Hanuman. This kind of decoration is used for other deities also. Credit Sakti Vikatan
 
This is an example of Betel leaf farm for commerical cultivation.
                               
                                                                                        Betel Leaf Swirl displayed in shops
                                                 


                                       
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Wreaths images: Arranged by V. Krishnaraj
                       
                                                                                     
                  Betel leaf garland Vs. Christmas and Other Wreaths worn in the West.
A Wreath is a deft construction of a circle made of flowers, fruits, and leaves. It is an Advent, and Christmas decoration hung on the doors. You can wear it on the head and call it Chaplet (meaning victory or authority).
Its green leaves represent strength. The Greeks wore the floral circle on the head projecting their high status. Laurel wreaths graced the heads of winning athletes. Italian college graduates wear the eco-friendly floral wreaths for the graduation ceremony. Hindu gods wear betel leaves. Greek gods like Zeus wear oak leaves. In ancient Olympic games, the athletes wore olive leaf wreaths.
November 4, 2018
Winners Mary Keitany of Kenya, left, and Lelisa Desisa of Ethiopia pose with their medals (and Leaf Wreaths) during the 2018 TCS New York City Marathon in New York on November 4, 2018. - CNN USA  . NYC Marathon Sponsored by Tata Consultancy Services.
                                                            

          
Trijata, one among the Raksasis, had a dream that Ravana died in the battle with Rama. Trijata endowed with Tele-Vision (clairvoyance) told Sita that Rama and Lakshmana were doing well and would soon come to rescue her. Trijata stopped Ravana from killing Sita. Ravana's wife Mandotari had a soft spot for Sita. Trijata acted as the news carrier between the battlefield and Sita. (Here is a proof that women are more civilized, gentler, kinder... That is why we all chose a woman as the mom.)

No-Fly Zone:
Before the abduction of Sita and ensuing batttle, Ravana was up to no good.

Ravana confiscated the Pushpaka Vimanam (aerial car) from his defeated half-brother Kubera and flew all over the world. He flew over the Himalayas. When he wanted to fly over Kailas, the abode of Siva and Parvati, Nandisvarar, the Bull Vahana of Siva and Parvati declared Kailas was a no-fly zone. Ravana was mad and cursed Nandi to acquire a monkey face. The would-be monkey-face bull got very angry and counter-cursed Ravana telling him that one day a monkey will destroy his town.  No-fly zone was an old concept from India.

The Battle
There was a fierce exchange of arrows and missiles. When Ravana lost head or heads from arrows, they regrew. Trijata told Sita, Ravana would die, when Rama shoots an arrow into Ravana's heart. That was his achilles heel. Trijata was the devotee of Rama. When the war was over, Trijata goes with Sita to the kingdom of Ayodhya in Pushpaka Vimana, confiscated after Ravana's death.
Trijata, daughter of Vibhishana, is described as half-Aryan. Vibhishana's wife was Aryan, who it is surmised convinced her husband to join Rama.  
 
 
Here is a comparison between Rama cutting the head of Ravana and seeing it grow back. A mortal shot in the abdomen and the heart kills Ravana. That was his achilles heel (vulnerable spot).  Hercules had a similar problem with Hydra. He fought nine-headed snake. Each time he cuts it, it grows back. He had to cut the head, cauterize the neck to prevent the hood growing back. He had to do it nine times to kill the snake. 

Achilles heel is the weak spot.  Ms. Thetis gave birth to Achilles.  She wanted him to live forever. To confer immortality on her son, she held him upside down by his heel and dipped him in the Styx river.  Since her thumb was on the achilles tendon, it was dry and vulnerable.  Achilles won many battles of the Trojan war because no one including Hector knew his vulnerable spot.  Paris, the prince of Trojans shot an arrow on the heel, not wet in the waters of Styx. Achilles died.

Ravana stored his pot of Amrta (Nectar of Immortality) in his abdomen. Clever dude indeed! Rama cut his head; it grew back, facilitated by Amrta in the abdomen. His weak spot was his heart. Coming to know of these two factors, Rama aimed his arrow to pierce the heart and empty the pot of immortality by Agni Astra in the abdomen. Since Ravana's Amrta was no longer in his abdomen, he could not regrow his head; the vulnerable ripped heart bled from penetration with Brahmastra and he died.

March 22, 2019
The Immortal worm that regenerates.    https://goo.gl/eaSuAD
Immortality is something gods and men desire. Gods have it because they only imbibed the Nectar of Immortality. Man did not and therefore, is mortal. Now take the panther worm. Chop it up any way you want. It will regenerate. Could it be possible it ate the Ambrosia?

Chop Up a Worm. It Will Regenerate. Scientists Figured Out Why.

Chop Up a Worm. It Will Regenerate. Scientists Figured Out Why.
Slice a three-banded panther worm in half or thirds and within eight days you’ll have separate fully functioning worms.
Credit
Kathleen Mazza-Curll and Mansi Srivastava/Whitehead Institute

       Credit: New York Times
                                               
    
                 


Slice a three-banded panther worm in half or thirds and within eight days you’ll have separate fully functioning worms. CreditKathleen Mazza-Curll and Mansi Srivastava/Whitehead Institute
By Heather Murphy
March 20, 2019

An essential rite of passage for many an otherwise nonviolent child involves cutting an earthworm down the middle and watching as the two halves squirm. One half — the one with the brain — will typically grow into a full worm.

Scientists have now identified the master control gene responsible for that regrowth in one particularly hardy type of worm. How hardy? Chop the three-banded panther worm in halves or thirds — either crosswise or diagonally — and each segment will regenerate just fine, said Mansi Srivastava, a professor of organismic and evolutionary biology at Harvard University. Within eight days, you’ll have two or three fully functioning new worms, mouth, brain and all.

“It’s hard to kill them,” she said.

Dr. Srivastava and her co-authors published a paper Friday outlining their genetic discovery. The process is known as “full-body regeneration,” and the term has captured the imagination of many individuals ready for a fresh start or second self.

“I’ll get a new body right now!!” one person wrote in a lively Reddit thread about the finding, adding “I knew it was coming!!” Another posted: “Two of me working together and sharing our stuff? Count me in!”
The concept of regeneration was in India even before the scientists discovered it in modern times.
 
 Kali faced Titan Raktavija on the battleground and a fierce battle took place between the Titan and Kali. (It is symbolism of the good fighting the evil and the victory of good over evil.)  A thousand fighting clones of Titan appeared from drops of blood every time she wounded him and spilt his blood on the battleground. The battlefield was chock full of these fighting clones. Kali brought in Matrakas to fight her battle with the clones. Things got worse; more clones appeared as more blood was shed. Kali created Chandi, who started killing the clones. Kali had a brilliant idea: she sucked up all the blood from his body and bones as the Matrakas and Chandi were killing the clones; she herself was stuffing the clones into her mouth. Hey, remember Kali is a Multitasker. She grew to an enormous size with all the dead clones in her belly and filled the sky and the heaven. As Kali sucked the Titan bone-dry, there was no more blood falling on the battlefield. That was the end of Titan Raktavija. The idea of clones existed in India in olden times.
 
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Sita is in captivity under an Asoka tree guarded by Rākṣaṣis (ogresses). Hanuman begs Sita to ride on his shoulders and says he will take her with a skip and a jump to Rama. Sita politely declines his offer and says only Rama must appear before her and rescue her.
Hanuman feels his unbound energy whirring, and waiting to unwind. He destroys everything in sight.
(I remember a childhood experience. A troop of monkeys were sitting on the rooftop. This kid threw a handful of peanuts on the roof with red Spanish tiles. The peanuts lodged themselves between the rows of tiles. Next thing you know the monkeys did a bang-up job looking for peanuts. They found all the peanuts and the proof was their cheek pouches were bulging with shelled peanuts. That was the proof and now hear about the roof. The neatly lined-up roof tiles were thrown helter-skelter. Lesson: Don't feed monkeys sitting on a Spanish style roof tiles.)

 

                                                    
Rākṣasas came in droves to kill Hanuman. They were no match, and were dispatched immediately to the land of eternal rest. He was immune to their weapons. At last Indrajit, the son of Ravana shows up and launches Brahmāstra, a weapon of instant destruction. Hanuman is still standing and lets Indrajit capture him. Hanuman has mischief up his sleeves and tail. Indrajit takes him to his father's court. Hanuman saw ten-headed Ravana sitting on a golden lion throne supported by four legs: Hubris, Lust, Pride and Jealousy. Hanuman is the ambassador from Rama. Ravana does not have time or inclination to honor the court protocols for emissaries. He denies Hanuman a seat.  That denial gets his goat and Hanuman's tail grows longer by intention. Guess what. He winds the tail in coils and sits on top of it, so the coiled tail-seat was higher than Ravana's throne and his face above Ravana's. He was equal, rather more equal. Exasperated by Hanuman's long-tail antics and tactics, Ravana raised his throne a notch higher. You thought only nowadays, we have chairs with adjustable backrest, headrest, armrest and seat height. Not so. Hanuman followed suit and raised his seat. Ravana wanted to kill Hanuman. Vibhīṣaṇa prevailed against it.

                     Rāma, Rāma - What a-rāma (a Sight): Fire, Fury, Flash & Flamboyance

 -rāma is a noun suffix meaning "sight, view, spectacular display or instance of," 1824 CE, abstracted from panorama (q.v.), ultimately from Greek horama "sight, spectacle, that which is seen."  Examples: Vote-a-Rama; Spic-o-Rama; Scam-o-Rama; Windowrama; Groove-A-Rama; Bannanarama; Hobbyrama; Word-O-Rama; Casinorama; List-O-Rama...

Panorama, foodarama, cinerama,  dancearama, Cylorama, Futurama, Telerama...
Without wasting much time, Hanuman comes straight to the point: Immediate release of Sita unharmed and honorably for transport to Rama, who will forgive him for his transgression. Ravana thinks to himself. 'You are a simian. What can you do to a mighty king like me?' (At this time Ravana does not know the divine protectors of Ravana and Sri Lanka Siva and Parvati left the Island leaving both vulnerable. Maruthi (Hanuman, Anjaneya), though considered the son of Wind-god, is really the biological son of Siva. The Wind-god transported the vital fluid of Siva and deposited it in the genitals of Anjana, Maruthi's mother. The Son of Siva: Who can take him? His ten heads hatch a plan to humiliate Hanuman. Hanuman was an Amsa (a mote or a fragment) of Siva.  Ravana: 'you have a mile-long tail. See what I can do with it.' He calls the minions to wrap the end of the tail with oil-rags and set it on fire. Not a good idea, esp if it is monkey! A monkey with a flaming tail! That is a sight to see. Rama, Rama, What-a-rama! That is fun to watch, if your are not Ravana. It did not catch fire. Hanuman suggested to Ravana to blow on the oil rag. Stuuuupid Ravana blew on the tail, which caught fire and singed the beards and mustaches of his ten heads. If Ravana had half the brain of Hanuman, he would not have taken the advice of an apparent monkey. Ravana slapped himself (He needed that.) on ten faces to put out the fire, provoking laughter. Poor Ravana, he did not understand, -though endowed with ten heads, the ten parallel processors- what Hanuman can do with his lit tail, leaping flames and brilliant head. Rama, Rama, What a Ravana.

                                                                         Flames: Credit YouTube. 

                     Rama, Rama, What a -rama (= a Sight, a Spectacle).                              


Yes, every one-headed human guessed it right. Hanuman whipped his tail and escaped from the guards and the palace by shapeshifting to a small size. Once he was out, he became very large. He is off in leaps and bounds and flies all over Lanka, setting everything on fire. Sita invoked the fire-god Agni (timely help), who kept the fire alive at the end of the tail without burning it. I bet the wind-god (the putative  father) was fanning the flames of the tail without burning it. The destruction was the handiwork of Siva because Hanuman was the Amsa of Siva. Hanuman spared Vibhishana's palace and the Ashoka gardens from the ravages of fire. The ten heads of Ravana depict ten bad qualities: passion, pride, anger, greed, infatuation, lust, hatred, jealousy, selfishness and crookedness (Swami Sivananda).
Once the land of Ravana goes up in smoke and fire, he dips his flaming tail in the Gulf of Maṉṉar, shortens it to its normal length and goes to Rama. Remember, Hanuman is a Yogi. He can do all these things. Hanuman's body is the Amsa of Siva and his tail is the Amsa of Sakthi. Amsam = part, portion or fragment. That is why Hanuman's tail was so powerful. Just a nub of news: We all have a nub of tail in us, reminding us of our tailed distant ancestors. Some babies are born with a visible nub of tail. That tail is a telltale evidence of our emergence from the phylogenetic tree of apes.
     

                                              
                
Look at the skeletons of all in the above image. You see a nub of bone where the tail should be.

We are human. There is a man in Hu-man. Man uses Manas or the mind. There is a man in Manithan. (மனிதன்)

Vānara = Vā + Nara = Monkey + Man (Hanuman and Sugriva). Vā + Nara = Forest + Dweller.    மனிதன் = மன[ம்] + இதன். = மன(ம்) = Mind; will; the reasoning faculty + இதன் = நன்மை உள்ளவன் = possessor of goodness. மனிதன் = Man = The One who is the possessor of goodness of the mind and reasoning faculty.   Sanskrit Manas and Tamil Manam mean mind. Notes on April 19, 2019


Ravana's supremacy on earth came from the boon given to him by Brahma. Ravana was an Asura (Raksasa). Asura = A + Sura = No + wine, liquor. The Asuras do not imbibe alcohol. It means that gods (Suras) imbibe not only alcohol, but also Soma. The gods have good speech, but imbibe alcohol and Soma. The gods get inebriated from alcohol and begin hallucinating from Soma. You may surmise when the gods were in stupor, the Daityas (Asuras, sons of Diti [= Limited]) won over the Adityas (sons of Aditi [=Unlimited]). The gods are drunken and hallucinating polymaths while the Daityas were usurping and abstinent neophytes: that is the impression we get from sacred texts. There were exceptions. (Ravana is a polymath.) The Asuras ( A+ Sura = Not god; Antithetical to gods; evil cousins/half-brothers of gods, Ravana included, belonging to Daitya class felt cheated out of Amṛta (Ambrosia) from the Milk Ocean. Brahma gave them a long life, the next best thing to immortality. Ravana was jittery because he saw threats from Devas, other Asuras, Gandharvas, Yakshas, Nagas...Brahma obliges him with protection from the above beings. Brahma's boon was a truncated boon: Only Brahma knew its limitations. Ravana did not worry about Naras (humans), because they posed no threat in his opinion. Power-hungry Ravana conquers the world and ousts the Devas (Suras) from the heaven. All the oppressed go to Brahma and ask him how to defeat and destroy the tyrant, rabid Ravana. Brahma told them Ravana did not request protection from Naras (humans). He suggested to go to Vishnu, who promised to take Avatar as Rama to destroy Ravana. Rama in truth was neither a complete man nor a complete god. Rama was a hybrid, transcending both man and god. That hybrid constitution and personality spelled death to Ravana, who did not ask for protection from a hybrid Being.  (See, the theory of hybridization was known in India.)  Note: Adityas and Daityas are half-brothers born of sisters Aditi and Diti and a common husband Kasyapa.  Adityas are gods and Daityas are demons. Man can be a god, a demon, a mix of god and demon, plain god or devlish demon.
Sugriva or Hanuman is neither a god, nor an asura, nor a human, nor a Raksasa, nor a Gandharva, nor a Yaksha nor a Naga. So, both of them are beyond the reach and provision of safety and protection offered by Brahma's boon. Ref--Adapted from Hanuman's Tale by Philip Lutgendorf

Vidyādharars,  Gandharvas, Siddhars, Devās, and Apsarases (Celestials) joined and created from their individual Amsas, Vāṉara warriors. These created warriors inherited the power of the Devas. Brahaspati’s Amsa created a warrior by name Thāraṉ. Kubera’s Amsa created Kandhamādhaṉaṉ. Visvakarma’s Amsa created Naḷaṉ. Agni’s Amsa was Nīlaṉ. Asviṉi Dēvas created Myindhaṉ and Dvidhaṉ. Varunan’s Amsa was Sūṣēṇaṉ. Siva's Amsa created Hanuman, our hero. Sun's Amsa created Sugriva, the Vanara king.

Vāli and Sugrīva were the heads of the Vāṉara warriors. Vāli established his kingdom in Kishkinda and protected the Vāaras. Añjaṉai had her son Āñjanēya or Hanuman who joins them. Āñjanēya is the matronymic name of Hanuman. Sugrīva made Hanuman his minister.   All these Amsas of the Devas had a single purpose: Kill Ravana.  4/19/2019

 

                                              Rama, Rama: What a-rama (a sight or a spectacle)

 
 

Indonesia
Stamp issued on January 24, 2016 showing Hanuman burning down Lanka:
https://topyaps.com/ramayana-stamps-from-southeast-asia/

There is another version of how Hanuman extinguished his burning tail. Hanuman could not extinguish his tail. Sita tells him to put the end of the tail in his mouth and shut it. The tail is extinguished from lack of oxygen. (You have seen fire-breather extinguish flame on a stick by putting it in the mouth and shutting the mouth.) Hanuman's facial hair singed and the face became black. He complained to Sita. Sita said she would make the face of all langurs black, so that Hanuman does not look odd and become the laughing stock of other langurs. They are the Hanuman Langurs and not the red-butt rhesus macaques.  Sita knew, before science's discovery of oxygen, that oxygen in the air is necessary for a living flame.                                            

Polynomial Hanuman goes by a multiplicity of names.

1.       Hanuman: The one with prominent jaw.

2.       Añjaneya: Son of Anjana. Metronymic name.

3.       Kesari Nandan: Son of Kesari. (Patronymic name; eponym.)

4.       Maruti: Son of the Wind. (Patronymic name; eponym)

5.       Bajrang Bali: The Strong One. Eponym after his strength.

6.       Sankata Mochana: The Remover of Dangers.

 7. Pavanputra  pavan = Wind or Siva (Son of Wind-god or Siva)

8. Anjaniputra (Son of Anjani)

9. Chiranjivi. One of the seven immortal beings who will live until the end of the present Kali Yuga.

Kamban of Kambaramayanam praises Anjaneya in terms of the Five Great Elements as follows. He is the son of the Wind. He jumped across the Water Element to Lanka. He traversed the Sky to reach Lanka. He saw Sita, the daughter of the  Earth in the Asoka forest. He torched Lanka with the Fire Element. 

    Hanuman: One having a jaw (haum) that is prominent (mant)".

 

Images: Credit Wikipedia. Source Mathura Museum.  Anjana holding Baby Hanuman in the right hand.

 

Hanuman is the quintessence of strength, heroism, excellence, Sakti and Bhakti.   Hanuman = Hanu +Mant = Jaw + Prominent
Hanuman means, 'Heavy-jawed.' He is the paragon of Virtue, and the epitome of self-control, faith and service under difficult circumstances belying his looks. He was a great warrior, a friend and a devotee of Rama...

Hanuman at birth  was not naked like all newborns but he wore divine jewels, a red loincloth, Munja grass sacred thread and two invisible gold earrings, the latter seen by Rama only at his first encounter. He had a short and thick neck. His face was round like the moon and red like the fire. His fangs were white and sharp. The poet describes his mane as a wreath of Asoka flowers. His flailing tail was like the flapping Indra’s banner. Hanuman can grow in all directions in an instant. The ‘Incredible Hulk’ the American TV series depicted a hero who grew and expanded instantly ripping his clothes, when he was righteously angered.  Yes, he was all 7 feet and 330 lbs., when he blew his stack. Incredible hulk was no match to Hanuman, who can shapeshift to an atom or to the size of a rippling mountain, billions, zillions or octillions of kilograms in weight. The saying goes, "Don't judge a book by its cover." Likewise, don't judge Anjaneya by his appearance. He was a Vedic Scholar. He was the Son of Siva. His Guru was the Sun Himself. Why sun? Because sun illuminates everything in its sight. When Rama met Anjaneya, he was greatly impressed by his chaste language, perfect diction, precise grammar... (I wish I have them.) Rama stated his heart, mind and soul were thoroughly delighted by Hanuman's speech. Hey, you see a Valmiki, a Kamban, a Shakespeare... in Hanuman.  

April 13, 2019The two, one a prince and another a monkey meet. A wind-blown Saukanthika Flower  (Indian Blue Water-Lily) landed on Pāñchāli’s lap. A whiff of the smell of the flower tickled her olfactory sense. She immediately took a liking for the wayward flower that fell on her lap. Bhīma was sitting by her side. Pāñchali told him, "I like the flower. Could you fetch me a bunch of them?"

                                              


Bhīma said, “I will fetch that flower, no matter where it is: Dēvalōka (heaven), Pātālam (Netherworld), or anywhere else.” Saying such words of reassurance and endearment, he left in search of flowers. You thought it must have been a short trip to a flower girl in the market.  No! He walked and walked smelling the fragrant flower in his quest. The fragrance titillated his senses. He doubled down on fetching it even if it meant going to the end of the earth.
He went north to the mountainside of Himalayas. Man, that was a long trip for a flower. A lumbering old monkey was slumbering on the narrow path, edged by thickets.
"Hey, monkey, Get out of my way."
"Who are you, my dear sir? If you want, you can jump over me."
I am a warrior (Ksatriya). It is not proper etiquette for me to jump over an animal.

This to and fro Q & A went on for a while.
Bhīma was impatient, angry and exasperated at the indolent monkey.
Tell me about yourself. I want to know more about you.
I am one of the Pāndavas, born of Vāyu and a brother of Āñjanēyar.
You mean Hanumat, who has fatigued aching shoulders from carrying Rāma around.
Listen, you insolent monkey. I can move you out of the way with my little finger and go on my merry way. Don't you ever insult my brother?
Go on. Do what you wish.
Bhīma put his hand on the tail and lifted it. It won't move. He used two hands in vain.
Bhīma thought this was no ordinary old stubborn monkey.
Are you a Gandharva or a Yakṣa?
The monkey laughed and got up sluggishly with moaning grunts, creaky joints, a flailing tail and a sourpuss.
Bhīmasēṉā! Do you know who I am? I am Vāyu Putraṉ, Māruthi. I thought you would have figured it out by this time.
Bhīma stood there spellbound, confused and speechless.
Love you Brother! I can't believe it. How did you happen to be here?
Bhīma! I was waiting for you. I knew you were coming this way. (He was the true mind reader.) The moment Pāñchāli asked you for the flowers, I stationed myself in this narrow path expecting your arrival. (Māruthi was an omniscient and omnipotent yogi.)  

Image result for Pictures of Hanuman showing his big size to Bhima   You Tube.

How do I know you are my brother?
Māruthi expanded in all directions and standing tall scraping the sky. Now Bhīma was convinced. They embraced each other fondly.
Brother! You can't go down this narrow path, forbidden for human foot traffic and reserved only for the celestials. If you go further, you will face danger. I will be gracing the flag of the chariot of Arjuna with Krishna as the charioteer in the Pandava-Kaurava war. I will make sure the Pandavas win the battle. Listen, Pāñchāli is waiting. There is a pond over there. Pick your flowers and go home to Pāñchāli.
They hugged and departed.
Yes, Anjaneya, the Cirañ-cīvi strides and straddles two eras of Ramayana and Mahabharata, was of great help in locating Janaki, and assuring victory for the Pandavas.

                                                                                     

Indrajit, the son of Ravana, saw the ferocious fighter Hanuman kill his brother Akshakumara and the five field commanders and wondered what would happen to Sri Lanka, if a troop of monkeys like Hanuman landed in his country. Ravenous Ravana saw a hero in Hanuman, observing his feat.

அக்ஷகுமாரன்  =  அக்ஷயம் + குமாரன் = Akṣaya + Kumāran = The son of + the Indestructible [Ravana]. 

Bee is the pollinator but not the producer of Pollen. One little bee carries the pollen from one flower to another flower. Wind god played the role of the carrier of vital fluid of Siva.

Kesari and Añjanā were a couple. Kesari was a devotee of Siva. He used to go on pilgrimages and when he found a beautiful garden in his travels, he would sit there and meditate. Añjanā and Kesari prayed to Siva for a son. Siva gave them the boon of being born in the womb of Añjanā . Siva took his birth as Hanuman or Añjaneya, his metronymic name.  Ramayana is the garland and Anjaneya is the gem: Mahāmālaratna. 

Though Kesari was the wedded husband of Añjanā, Vayu - the wind-god- transported the divine power of Siva into the womb of Añjanā. Wind-god was only a carrier (delivery boy) and not really the biological father of Hanuman. Hanuman is an incarnation of Siva himself. Confusing? What do you say in prayer? O my father in heaven. You have an earthly father and a father in heaven. Are we all the children of God? Likewise, we are all the children of Siva.

Añjanā married ape Kesarin. She later married the wind-god who was the carrier of Siva's Amsa to the womb of Añjanā, bore Hanuman as the biological son of Siva. But why? The answer is simple. No one can take on Ravana but Hanuman. Hanuman's body must be endowed with the power and potency of Siva. Siva has 11 heads, believe it or not. Ravana sacrificed 10 heads to Siva. But he had no more heads to sacrifice, satisfy and equate the last head of Siva-Rudra. So Rudra incarnates as the body of Hanuman, and Sakthi (power) becomes Hanuman's tail. Now Ravana's fate is signed, sealed and delivered.

Anjana is an Apsaras. An Apsaras in heaven is the most beautiful woman in the universe. Kesarin is an ape. Siva sported as a simian when Anjana became pregnant. Anjana, the mother of Anjaneya or Hanuman is an Apsaras, the dancer in heaven. Siva, the biological father of Anjaneya in his simian form, is God. The product is Anjaneya. Here is the reason. When Anjana became pregnant, Siva and Parvati were sporting in the jungle as simians. That is why Hanuman is what he is. Does it not say there is unity in existence? All beings have Siva in them. Vaishnavas beleive that Vishnu as the Universal Soul exists in all beings.
There is Siva in everyone. Siva can change his appearance. Consider this: Nandhi the Bull is the theriomorphic form of Siva.  Notes April, 8, 2019

Rudra-avatara = Hanuman.

Here is the story behind the story. Siva and Parvati disported themselves in a forest as monkeys. Yes, the divine pair do things like this. (Did you not want to fly like a bird, run like a horse, hang from the tree branch by the prehensile tail of a monkey...) Another example. Siva was alone doing penance. He was thrown out by Parvati from the home in Kailash. Siva took the form of a Chandala, unbenownst to Parvati. Parvati was no fool, knew the antics of Siva and came to seduce yogic Siva. Have you known a wedded couple seduce each other in a motel on a waterbed? Her divine intuition and vision told her who that Chandala was. Parvati without the knowledge of Siva-Chandala, morphed into a Chandala woman, approached Siva and asked him to teach her Yoga (union with Universal consciousness). Siva was well-known as the Yogi of yogis. Who else can teach Yoga better than Siva? Siva-Chandala never saw a ravishing Chandala woman in his life. Siva-Chandala cast a  come-hither look at Parvati. Parvati obliged. There the story ends with the rest left to your fertile imagination. There are more things in this story than meet the eye. Chandala in the olden days was looked down upon as the progeny of a high-caste Brahmana mother and a Sudra father. In the bad old days, that was a stain on the Brahmana family. Nowadays it is not uncommon. It is like miscegenation in the west in America before the 1950s.  There were laws prohibiting miscegenation in the USA. Our story simply tells the humanity that all people are children of Siva, no matter what their race, castes, religions, colors,... Siva is God, Brahmana, Ksatriya, Vaisya, Sudra (Siva's father-in-law Daksha called Siva a Sudra.), Chandala, tribal...

Back to our story. It was a Halloween night for them as Siva and Parvati played monkeys. Here there are more tricks than treats. (Siva being the father and Sakti being his power, Hanuman can shapeshift and morph.) Siva's vital fluid escapes. Immediately he summons the Wind-God to carry his semen to Añjanā who was praying to Siva for a son. The Wind-God obliges and carries the semen to Añjanā, who becomes pregnant with Siva. Before the Wind-God delivered the semen of Siva into her womb, Añjanā felt someone was touching and caressing her thighs. Yes, it was the Wind-God who did that. It is like the obstetrician administering the semen into a woman's womb (artificial insemination). Necessarily, his dextrous hands come into contact with the patient's thighs. All the moves are professional and above reproach. So was the case with Wind-God. Talking about Wind-God (Vayu Bhagavan) and fertilization, the wind carries pollens from one flower to another flower. You see he is only a carrier of pollens (Pollinator) as in the case of transportation of Siva's vital fluid to Añjanā. Take the honey bee, hopping from flower to flower and sucking up the nectar. The pollens get stuck all over its body and get transported to another flower and thus the bee helps pollination. The bee is only a carrier of pollens.  By the way, honey bee's original home was South Asia (India).  Another tidbit. Siva in one of his escapades, chases after Mohini and spills his vital fluid on earth. Those spills became the veins of gold and silver. Now you know our ancestors knew alchemy. These stories are apologues to teach us lessons and should not be taken in a literal sense. The universal God is Consciousness with no attributes. Men give attributes to describe the indescribable.

 Since Siva was in the simian form disporting in the simian jungle with simian Parvati, the baby born to Añjanā had the features of a monkey. DNA never lies. Since the wind-god was the intermediary (transporter), Hanuman was strong and fast as the wind. Since the wind-god was a messenger for (Indra and) Siva, it was natural Hanuman was also a Dūta (messenger, Envoy, Ambasador) to Ravana. Since Hanuman was the son/Avatar of Siva, he was learned in all arts.  Siva Peruman and Parvati were the Guardians of Sri Lanka. When Ravana abducted Sita, all privileges and protection were terminated by Siva and Parvati and they left Sri Lanka. Ravana without Siva and Parvati was left to his own devices, which were not enough to save him and his kingdom. They sent their Amsas in the body, mind, and soul of Anjaneya or Pavanputra (Pavan = Siva; Putra = son). Now you know the rest.

Siva and Parvati played the role of the simians. There is an implied lesson in this. We were apes before we were humans. If Siva was a simian, he was an in-dweller or inner abider in the simian. If he is the inner abider in the simian, he must be the inner abider in all animal kingdom.

Though we are the sons and daughters of Siva, we are all dumbed-down versions of Siva. Siva is MAXI and we are Mini. Remember Mini-me in Austin Powers movies.  Why so? Siva is Pure Consciousness. We have human consciousness, a zillion times less powerful than Siva's conciousness. Our souls are covered with Malas. Once the impurities are removed we become Siva himself. There is a Tamil saying: அவர் தூணிலும் இருப்பார் துரும்பிலும் இருப்பார். It means God is in the pillar (Narasimha Avatara) and in a dust particle (atomic = extremely minute particle). Siva Nataraja dances in the universe stage and also in the atom. He is omnipresent, omniscient and omnipotent. Neither the universe nor God will disappear. One universe may die in the Black Hole but another universe rises to take its place.

A true story: A doctor's malfeasance.

Here is a human being PLAYING GOD with people's lives. The women in the USA sought the doctor's help for anonymous donor fertilization of their ova. What the doctor did was to use his own sperm to fertilize the ova of these women (his patients).

Though I am a devotee of Siva, I am reminded of a real-life episode in North America. A fertility doctor promising to provide anonymous donor insemination services, used surreptitiously his own semen to fertilize the ova of his childless patients.

 "Investigators found no evidence that any donor program actually existed. Some of Jacobson's patients who had conceived through donor insemination agreed to genetic testing. At least seven instances were identified in which Jacobson was the biological father of the patients' children, including one patient who was supposed to have been inseminated with sperm provided by her husband. DNA tests linked Jacobson to at least 15 such children, and it has been suspected that he fathered as many as 75 children by impregnating patients with his own sperm.[4]"

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cecil_Jacobson

Om Namasivaya.

Añjanā rode a scorpion. The scorpion sting did not bother her. Or the scorpion dared not sting her. She was an Apsarasas, a celestial beauty. When people are stung by scorpion, the victims pray to Añjanā for full recovery.  

Who is an Apsarasas?  She is the Essence of the Waters, moving in the water or clouds. She is a professional Seductress in heaven or Svarga, Indra's heaven. These celestial nymphs are mistresses of Gandharvas, the celestial musicians. They dance for gods. The most ravishing beauty in the universe is Urvasi. Yes, an Apsarasas. An Apsarasas can assume any shape, most often that of a bird. Warriors who die in battle are carried away by the Apsarasas in brilliant chariot to Indra's paradise. It is similar to that of the Teutonic Valkyries.  You cross a god in heaven. You are in big trouble.  They send the seductress, an Apsarasas. They seduce the Risis and ascetics and drive them mad. Promiscuity is their stock-in-trade. (They play Sugar Babies to Sugar Daddies.) They were known to abandon their earth babies upon completion of their pelvic mission and go back to heaven.  Ref: Harper's Dictionary of Hinduism by Margaret and James Stutely. Harper & Row.

When Lakshmana died in the battlefield and Rama was exhausted, an herb in the mountain of Himalayas had the power to resurrect Lakshmana and rejuvenate Rama from exhaustion. Hanuman flew to the Himalayas at the speed of wind and thought, uprooted one peak with herbal plants (Dronagiri) and brought it to Lakshmana. Lakshmana resurrected with the help of Sanjivani herb. Rama recovering from exhaustion blessed Hanuman with a perpetual life. He is one of the eight immortal beings (Chiranjivis) until the end of Kali Yuga: Hanuman, Vyasa, Parasurama, Vibhishana, Asvattama, Bali, Kripacharya, and Markandeya.                               

Here is a painting of Ravi Varma depicting Hanuman carrying the herbal mountain.

A sea monster swallowed Hanuman, who induced vomiting in the monster from inside and escaped.   

Kalanemi the Old Nemesis Strikes again in the Name of Kamsa.  Killing Kamsa was not a Tamāsa for Krishna. But Krishna had to do it.

Kālanemi is a demon and an evil Avatar opposed to Vishnu in all His Divine Avatars.  He pops up like a poisonous mushroom, whenever Vishnu takes a Divine Avatar. Poor Kālanemi, he gets clobbered and killed everytime and yet he does not give up and is reborn as the enemy of Vishnu Avatars.

Kālanemi was a Dānava, the son of Danu (one of the daughters of Diti). Kālanemi personifies the Wheel of Time.  Kāla = Time. Nemi = Circular rim of a wheel or part of the rim. Call him Wheel of Time Demon, or simply Wheel Demon. He, being a Rākṣasa, took his birth as Kasa, killed by Krishna.

     A Punk in the Saffron Garb of a Monk 

Ravana’s soldiers died by thousands in the hands of the Vāṉara soldiers. Jāmbhavān killed Kumbarkarṇa’s son Kumbhaṉ. Aṅgathaṉ killed his brother Nikumbaṉ. Lakshmana’s arrow severed the head of Ravana’s son Adhikāyaṉ, took the disembodied head to the Assembly Hall and deposited it before Ravana. Ravana came to the battlefield with fire in his eyes and saw Lakshmana, and his brother Vibhīṣaṇa. Calling him the traitor, Ravana launched a Mantra-infused Sakthi missile on Vibhīṣaṇa.
Seeing the Sakthi missile aimed at Vibhīṣaṇa, Lakshmaṇa stepped in front of Vibhīṣaṇa, bore the brunt of the weapon and fell on the ground and lost his consciousness. Anjaneya picked up the body and went to grieving Rāmar. Sugriva and Vibhīṣaṇa were upset because Lakshmana took the weapon meant for the latter.
Jāmbhavāṉ found Lakshmana alive, reassured Rama and sent Anjaneya to get the Sañjīvī Mūlikai (The herb) from Sañjīvi-paruvatam (Sañjīvi hill), capable of reviving a person, dead or in a swoon. Even the Herbal-Wind can raise the dead and the unconscious to life and health.
Jāmbhavāṉ chose Anjaneya for the task. Anjaneya paid homage to Rāmar and took off towards the Himalayas. Ravana’s spies immediately informed Ravana who asked the Māyāvi (Conjuror) Kālanēmi to stop Anjaneya from bringing the herb.
Kālanēmi by magical powers transported himself to Sañjīvi mountain ahead of Anjaneya and stayed in a Hermitage with a pot of poisoned water. Hanuman was there looking for the Herb and found the Hermitage and Kālanēmi, the Punk in the Monk’s garb. Kālanēmi told Hanuman he knew by Yogadṛṣti the purpose of his visit, and the need to wake up Lakshmana from his unconscious state. He added he could help him, and invited him. The Pseudo-Muni advised Anjaneya to rest, relax and recoup overnight and then go for the herb next day. The Muni offered him water from the pot.
Anjaneya who chanted Rāma Nāma all the time felt a sense of unease with the Vibhuti-stripped and matted-hair Muni. He did not drink the water telling the Muni he was so thirsty a pot of water was not enough and he had to go to a river for quenching his thirst and ablution. The Muni wondered whether Hanuman got wind of his nefarious plan to kill him. (After all, Hanuman was the son of the wind-god.) The Muni offered to take him to the mountain and harvest the life-saving herb on his return and actually there was no need for the herb because Lakshmana was already safe (Yogadṛṣti).
Hanuman went to the nearby river and dipped his foot in the river and no sooner, an alligator swallowed him whole. Hanuman enlarged his body several times his original size and split the alligator into two parts. He emerged from the dead alligator with an Apsaras by his side. The Apsaras of divine beauty and effulgence paid homage to Anjaneya and said her name was Māliṉi. She told a Muni wanted consortium with her. She refused, and the Muni cursed her to become an alligator. If this happens in the modern times (at least by aberrant thought of aberrant men), we will have no women but only alligators. See you later alligator! Because of her contact with him (Celibate Anjaneya), her curse was lifted, and she was back to her own self. Māliṉi added that Ravana sent the matted-hair Muni in the Hermitage to sabotage his plans and kill him. She later left for her place.
The Muni invited Anjaneya back to his Hermitage and offered to instruct him on Mantras. As a Guru Dakṣiṇa for his Mantras, Anjaneya pounced on him, delivered a blow on his chest, saw him vomit blood from his mouth and die. (He is Kalanemi and takes birth again and again to kill Vishnu in his avatars and Vishnu's servitors.)
Chanting the name of Rama, he went to the Meru Mountain and could not identify the Sañjīvīni herb because all herbs were radiantly beautiful from the divinity of the mountain. He sheared the mountain off its base and flew with it to the battlefield in Lanka.
As he approached the battlefield, the dead Vāṉara warriors came to life with the Herbal Wind blowing on them. Before Añjaneya could arrive at the battlefield, Vibhīṣaṇa and Sugriva buried the dead Arakkar soldier deep in the sea so they would not come back to life. As the Herbal-Wind touched Lakshmana, he woke up from his unconsciousness. Once all Vāṉara warriors and Lakshmana were back to life and consciousness. Hanuman took the Herbal mountain and put it back in its place. He did not dispose it as trash, as we do. Hanuman must have been an environmentalist and a  conscientious recyler.
More Arakkars died. The news of Lakshmana’s resurrection shattered Ravana, who sent Kumbhakarna to the battlefield, defying the latter’s advice to return Sita to Rāmar.

 Here is another version. Kālanemi was the uncle of Ravana, who sought the help of Kālanemi to kill Hanumat -remember he set Ravana's kingdom on fire-, the friend of Rama, with a promise of dominion over half his kingdom. Kālanemi disguised himself as a recluse and invited Hanumat for a sumptuous eight-course dinner. Name a monk in the forest who gave an eight-course dinner! Hanumat declined his invitation and went to the river for ablution. Would you accept a dinner invitation from a total stranger? A crocodile in waiting, seized him by the foot and dragged him into the depths of the river.  Hanumat killed the croc. Out of its body emerged an Apsaras, a beauty of all climes, times, and poems. She was cursed a long time ago by Dakṣa to become a crocodile with a promise she would be released when the crocodile died in the hands of Hanumat. Release from the curse exhilarated her and she warned Hanumat that Kālanemi intended to kill him at the behest of Ravana. Dinner invitation was the ruse of the false recluse. Hanumat returned to the hermitage, caught Kālanemi by his heel and flung him so hard he landed before the throne of Ravana in Laṅkā to claim half his kingdom unconvincingly.  In the West there was Dwarf-tossing or Midget-tossing sports - now outlawed. Strong men fling a well-padded and helmeted dwarf. The strongest man who throws the protected dwarf farthest on to a mattress gets the prize. Now we know Hanuman was the founder and the father of the tossing sports. I personally am opposed to the sports in real life and calling them by the pejorative word, dwarf. Everybody deserves respect and dignity. Ref: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dwarf-tossing

  Midget-Tossing Image Credit: Chtistian McQueen

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Remember Kamsa, the reincarnation of Kalanemi. He was a bad dude. He hated Krishna, his parents, and his sister. Krishna's parents were Devaki and Vasudeva. Devaki was the sister of Kamsa, who heard that Devaki's male child would kill him one day. Krishna at birth in the prison of Kamsa, was smuggled out by his father and replaced by infant Durga. Kamsa the incarnation of Kālanemi, flung the Durga baby out of spite intending to kill her. Durga as she was air-borne emitted a voice from the sky that Kamsa's death was a certainty at the hands of Krishna. She simply vanished from the sky without falling on earth. You saw wedding pictures of Durga and Siva. Guess who gives away Durga to Siva. Yes, It was Krishna, Durga's brother doing the honor.

Here is a lesson. Kamsa was demonic, while his sister Devaki was so divine that Bhagavan Krishna Himself decided to be born of her womb. Man can be a Pasu, a Vira or a Divya (animal, man, Divine). Kamsa chose to be demonic and his sister chose to be the mother of the Divine. Going from Pasu to Vira to Divya is the goal of man. Some are born Pasu and remain Pasu for life. Some are Vira. Some are Divya. Some go from Pasu to Vira to Divya. All the tyrants of the past and the present are the Pasus. Most of the people remain Vira, abiding by the laws and customs. Some are born Divine at the beginning: Krishna, The Buddha, Jesus Christ.

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Vayu Bhagavan the life sustainer of all air-breathing beings can become cyclonic and violent. In Vedic times, Vayu, Varuṇa and Agni were the Holy Triad. You heard about the Aryans. They were a nomadic tribe. They knew their cattle, the horse... They lived under the sky, were drenched by the rain..., What they could not control, they apotheosized as gods. Naturally they worshipped the pentad as gods: Akasha, Vayu, Agni, Jala and Prithvi = Ether, Air, Fire, Water, and Earth. They wanted to pacify and control these elemental gods. They offered sacrifices to these gods, to whom they gave names: Indra, Varuna... Their list of gods expanded. They dug pits for fire sacrifice. The fire-god carried the supplications of the Indo-Aryans to the gods, who send them rain... To them, the relationship with gods was transactional: I give you sacrificial offerings and you give me something in return: rain, cattle... These commercial transactions went to a ridiculous extent that the purveyors of  fire sacrifice declared that gods will die of starvation if not for their sacrifices. Later, the elemental gods were replaced by the holy triad: Brahma, Vishnu and Siva. Brahma has one or two temples in India, while Siva and Vishnu have innumerable temples and devotees. The reason is Brahma told a lie to Siva saying he found the bottom and the top of Siva as a fiery column and conscripting a false witness to lie for him. Vishnu was humble and told the turth that he could find neither the bottom nor the top. Siva became angry and cursed Brahma that he would not have any devotees or temples in his name. The Indo-Aryans turned their mind inside and came up with deep thought philosophy. In south India, there was flowering of Saiva Siddhanta, Divyaprabhandam, Kural...

 

The wind-God in his violent temper broke the summit of Mount Meru, the Axis Mundi, egged on by Narada Muni. Garuda spread its wings over Mount Meru and protected it from Vayu. In an unguarded moment of Garuda, Vayu ripped off part of the Mount Meru and threw the humongous rock in the Indian ocean creating the Island of Sri Lanka. You thought Sri Lanka formerly Ceylon is sitting on the Indian Plate, a tectonic plate, part of the Indo-Australian Plate. That is science. Now the mythology. Sri Lanka is a teardrop island, the summit of Mount Meru broken by Vayu Bhagavan and lobbed into the Indian ocean just south of Ramesvaram. The tsunami created by this catastrophic fall of the mountain peak spread around the world creating 100 foot waves. It took a year for things to return to normal. If you are a mythologizer, the latter sounds very believable.  Hanuman, Vayu's putative son, broke the summit of Dronagiri the life-saving herbal peak and transported it for the revival of Rama and resurrection of Lakshmana. Hanuman was following his putative father’s footsteps (that of Vayu Bhagavan). Both Vayu Bhagavan and Hanuman break and move mountains.  Hanuman’s biological father Siva lives in Kailas the snowcapped mountain peak and married Parvati, the daughter of the king of mountain, Himavan (= Himavat = Parvat = mountain). The daughter of Parvat is Pārvati, the consort of Siva.

Vayu Bhagavan was a lecher (Sorry to out [expose] him), though married to the daughter of Visvakarma (the great architect of the gods) in addition to Bharati and Swasti. Vayu Bhagavan was the original Long Dong Silver. His male hormones must have been raging wild. That over-produced, under-expressed and redundant energy, he used to break the summit of Mount Meru, while his father-in-law Visvakarma was an architect and a builder. He was like the rutted elephant, a zillion times more so. O my, run for cover, if you can beat his long transcontinental strides.

Vayu Bhagavan had a man cave called Gandhavati. On his outings, he rode a gazelle carrying a flag. The gazelle I see in the picture looks like a hybrid, a cross between a horse and a gazelle. It must be a chimera, I suppose. Vayu Bhagavan must be careful riding this chimera. Look at the horns at his eye level. He needs protective goggles.

Deities preside over and protect our organs: Eyes, ears... People can live without them but not without the Wind-God. When he leaves, he leaves behind a dead body. He is that important for life and living.

Wind-God always travels with Vishnu, Lakshmi and obviously Garuda. Long live the Wind-God in you.

The Killer Whale and the Seal: Playing with the Food.

The Toss and the Gulp

Remember Hamnuman lobbed Kalanemi in disguise of a recluse across the Gulf of Mannar to land in Sri Lanka. Here is a whale story.

You hear moms telling children Not To Play With Food. You know people throw a peanut up in the air and catch it with the open mouth. Animals do them too. Take a pod of Killer Whales at sea. They surround the seal taking a sunbath on the ice float. A pod circles around the sun worshipper. One whale hits the seal with its tail fin. The seal goes up 80 feet into the air. It is disabled, and disoriented, and on its way down, enters the cavernous mouth of the killer whale. 

 

 

 Image:Krishna killing Kamsa, the bad avatar of Kālanemi.   Poor fellow, he was tossed by Hanuman in the previous life and now as Kamsa gets pummeled by Lord Krishna.

Painting by Ravi Varma: Credit: the rrvhfoundation.com

 
 
 
 
 

 Hanuman was a shrewd judge of character. Vibhisana with his four captains came to Rama to join his side. Sugriva, Angadhan, Sarabha, Jambavan… suspected his motives. Only Hanuman had the foresight to advise Rama of his noble intention. He said to Rama and others:
"Vibishan comes no crafty spy :
Urged by his brother's fault to fly,
With righteous soul that loathes the sin,
He fled from Lanka and his kin,"  --Kamba Ramayanam   Translation by M.S.Purnalingam Pillai  'Ravana the king of Lanka'

The painting Of Vibhishana's Surrender: Credit: legacyofwisdom  

When Hanuman was tortured in the court of Ravana, fearless and brave Vibhīṣaṇa told Ravana, “It is very wrong to persecute an emissary.” Because he continued to point out Ravana’s evil ways, Vibhīṣaṇa was chased out of the palace. He took refuge with Rama. No one except Rama and Lakshmana were prepared to trust him. Other compatriots of Rama looked at him as Ravana’s spy.
Hanuman pointedly spoke of the support he received in Ravana’s court from Vibhīṣaṇa and was responsible for Rama’s decision to offer Vibhīṣaṇa refuge. This is what we call as Saranagathi.

Saranagathi or Prapatti in Vaishnavism is a total surrender to God.
Surrender in Vaishnavism goes beyond the dictionary meaning. It is a technical term. The following is what it means. I do not know what Dharma, Dhyana, and Bakthi mean. They are foreign to me and my being. I am a destitute (அகிஞ்சனன் akiñcaṉaṉ, n. < a-kiñcana. Destitute person; தரித்திரன்.). This destitute surrenders to you: Vishnu, Rama, Krishna, and their consorts.
Bhagavadgita 18:66
sarva-dharmān parityajya mām ekam śaraṇam vraja
aham tvām sarva-pāpebhyaḥ mokṣyayiṣyāmi mā śucaḥ 18.66

Krishna Paramatma says in bhagavadgita:
(18.66) Abandoning all duties, come to Me alone for shelter. Be not grieved, for I shall release thee from all evils. Translation by Dr. Radhakrishnan.   The painting Of Vibhishana's Surrender: Credit: legacyofwisdom

Image result for Vibhisana surrenders to Rama

In the war that happened later, Indrajit’s (Ravana’s son) Brahmāstra felled a multitude of fighting monkeys. Hanuman on the suggestion of Vibhīṣaṇa through Jāmbhavān brought Sañjīvī mountain whose herb restored the breath of Lakshmana and resurrected the whole contingent of dead monkeys.

Indrajit performed Nikumpalai Yāgam. With his illusory power, he created an illusory Sita, stood her before Rama and the monkeys, and killed her by the sword, though he let the real Sita to remain in Asokavaṉam. Vibhīṣaṇa told Rama and Lakshmana it was a magical play and ploy, which they should not believe.
When the Ravana Vatham (death of Ravana) happened, Vibhīṣaṇa was installed king of Lanka by Srīrāma.
However, for the timely help by Vibhīṣaṇa and his divine qualities, what Rama wanted to give was not gold or wealth, but Prāṇavākāra Perumal!

The war was over. Rama came back to his kingdom and ascended the throne. Rama gave gifts to all who helped him. He gave a large pearl necklace to Sita, who gave it to Hanuman. He broke open every pearl. People were wondering what he was doing. Some said, “After all he is a monkey. He sees food (a banana) in everything." One challenged Hanuman what he was doing. Hanuman said, he broke each pearl to see Rama and Sita inside each pearl. He did not find them, so they were worthless. A courtier came forward and said, “Does every object contain God inside to be of value? Is your body made of five Mahābhūtās” (Five great elements) have any value?

Hanuman stood up and ripped open his chest and showed his heart. Hey, Hanuman can do such things, put them back and look normal again. Everyone saw Rama and Sita enshrined in his heart. Rama's name was engraved on his bones (You are curious what language it was. Possibility: Tamil and Sanskrit) and inscribed in all cells of his body. He then passes his hand over his chest; it closed and looked whole again. Sita smiled.

Hanuman's Heart. Pinterest

The opening of the heart to reveal The Divine (in Hinduism and Christianity)

Source: The Ramayana Revisited

Sep 30, 2004

by Mandakranta Bose

This is a synopsis.

Hanuman's reluctance to marry.

 

Hanuman had distrubing dreams. Hanuman somehow knew the import (behind the dreams). He realized what his anxious ancestors told him in the dreams: “Hanuman, you offer oblation to us in a proper manner. After your demise, who will offer oblations to us?"

Knowing the unhappiness and its cause, Sita Devi said, “Hanuman, don’t be disheartened. Go to Kishkinda and bring back a bride. I will conduct the wedding ceremony. Your progeny will perform śrāddha for the ancestors." Hanuman sets out on his quest, he wonders how he would get along with a woman. Hanuman thought Sugriva is the best person to advise him on domestic tranquility, left for Kishkinda and explained the situation to Sugriva. 

On the way, he came across the noble king of Tumba, Cañcarīka and Ṛṣi Lomaa. They do not provide the right answers in the choice of a bride. Hanuman goes to the monkey king Sugrīva with 18,000 wives. If anyone should know about women, he is the go-to monkey for advice. Sugrīva keeps their (wives) mouths tied down. (Speak only when you are spoken to.) This enforced silence keeps the peace. Hanuman is unsatisfied with Sugrīvas treatment of his wives. Sugrīva wants to unload his aging wife Tārā as the bride of Hanuman, who does not fall for the hook, line and sinker and ignores the offer. Thanks, but no thanks. Sugrīvas other advice was to seek the hand of monkey princess Cilimpā in the neighboring kingdom. Princess Cilimpā just inherited the kingdom from her father and puts all her suitors to rigorous tests. Failure of tests draws the punishment of getting the tail cut off. What is a monkey without a prehensile tail?  A human! Hanuman the Vedic scholar and a chaste and precise grammarian taking a test? Ridiculous. When was the last time you asked your English professor to spell, supercalifragilisticexpialidocious? Outrargeous. Ignoble, Anomalous. Hanuman carries her off by the hair and flies to Ayodhya. Cilimpā's hubris mellowed and she was impressed with the virility and vitality of Hanuman and announces her love for him on her maiden voyage on the shoulders of Hanuman. (Hanuman Dear, you passed the test!) Hanuman asks her to keep her mouth shut, an advice from Sugriva. Cilimpā is a chattering princess. That is her nature and prerogative. The short-lived romance for Cilimpā ends. Hanuman sees from the blue sky Sugrīva sporting with his 18,000 wives in the Tungabhadra river and drops off Cilimpā on his laps, of course gently. Now you know water sports are the favorite of a couple or an individual with a harem. It is possible the water sports originated with Sugriva. That too with 18,000 wives.  Must be thoroughly exhausting. Not for Sugriva. It must be fun and frolic. Now all over the world, the water sports for a young couple is to take a shower together in the claustrophbic shower stall. Or plop into a Jacuzzi. Hanuman now feels: Good riddance of the Shrew. Here is Hanuman's generosity. He was not offended when Sugriva wanted to unload his the most senior wife (Read old) on Hanuman. In return, Hanuman delivers a young princess Cilimpā (the modern day Sugar Baby) to Sugriva.

Hanuman goes to Ayodhya empty-handed and reports to Sita he has no room for a wife and child in his heart already occupied by Rama and Sita. The only solution is for Hanuman to live forever not as a forlorn bachelor but as blessed bachelor with Sita-Rama in his heart, mind, every cell of his body, speech and soul so he can perform śrāddha to his ancestors. Sita gladly blesses Hanuman with the boon of a long life.    

http://www.hanumanchalisalyrics.com/category/hanuman-chalisa-in-english/

Hanuman Chalisa Full Meaning in English 



Hanuman Chalisa is a devotional hymn of 40 verses dedicated to Lod Hanuman.

Having polished the mirror of my heart
with the dust of my Guru’s lotus feet,
I sing the pure fame of the best of the Raghus,
which bestows the four fruits of life.
Knowing this body to be devoid of intelligence,
I recall the Son of the Wind.
Grant me strength, wit, and wisdom,
and remove my sorrows and shortcomings.

1. Victory to Hanuman, ocean of wisdom and virtue,
Hail Monkey Lord, illuminator of the three worlds.

2. Ram’s emissary, abode of matchless power,
Anjani’s son, named “Son of the Wind.”

3. Great hero, mighty as a thunderbolt,
remover of evil thoughts and companion to the good.

4. Golden-hued and splendidly adorned,
with heavy earrings and curly locks.

5. In your hands shine mace and banner,
a sacred thread of munja grass adorns your shoulder.

6. You are Shiva’s son and Kesari’s joy,
your glory is revered throughout the world.

7. Supremely wise, virtuous, and clever,
you are ever intent on Ram’s work.

8. You delight in hearing of the Lord’s deeds,
Ram, Lakshman, and Sita dwell in your heart.

9. Assuming tiny form you appeared to Sita,
and in awesome guise you burned Lanka.

10. Taking dreadful form you slaughtered demons
and completed Lord Ram’s mission.

11. Bringing the magic herb, you revived Lakshman,
and Ram embraced you with delight.
12. Greatly did the Raghu Lord praise you –
“Brother, you’re as dear to me as Bharat!”

13. “May the thousand-mouthed serpent sing your fame!”
So saying, Shri’s Lord drew you to Himself.

14. Sanak and the sages, Brahma, gods, and great saints,
Narada, Sarasvati, and the king of serpents,

15. Yama, Kubera, and the guardians of the quadrants,
poets and scholars – none can express your glory.

16. You rendered great service to Sugriva,
presenting him to Ram, you gave him kingship.

17. Vibhishana heeded your counsel
and became Lord of Lanka, as all the world knows.

18. Though the sun is thousands of miles away,
you swallowed it, thinking it a sweet fruit.

19. Holding the Lord’s ring in your mouth
it’s no surprise you leapt the ocean.

20. Every arduous task in this world
becomes easy by your grace.

21. You are the guardian of Ram’s door,
none enters without your leave.

22. Taking refuge in you one finds all delight,
those you protect know no fear.

23. You alone can withstand your own splendor,
the three worlds tremble at your roar.

24. Ghosts and goblins cannot come near,
Great Hero, when your name is uttered.

25. All disease and pain is eradicated,
brave Hanuman, by constant repetition of your name.

26. Hanuman releases from affliction
those who remember him in thought, word, and deed.

27. Ram the renunciant reigns over all –
you carry out his every task.

28. One who brings any yearning to you
obtains the fruit of abundant life.

29. Your splendor fills the four ages,
Your glory is famed throughout the world.

30. You are the guardian of saints and sages,
the destroyer of demons, the darling of Ram

31. You grant the eight powers and nine treasures
by the boon you received from Mother Janaki.

32. You hold the elixir of Ram’s name
and remain eternally His servant.

33. Singing your praise, one finds Ram
and escapes the sorrows of countless lives.

34. At death, one goes to Ram’s own city
or is born on earth as God’s devotee.

35. Give no thought to any other deity –
worshipping Hanuman, one gains all delight.

36. All affliction ceases, all pain is removed,
by remembering the mighty hero, Hanuman.

37. Victory, victory, victory to Lord Hanuman!
Be merciful even as is the Divine Master.

38. Whoever recites this a hundred times
is released from bondage and gains bliss.

39. One who reads this Hanuman Chalisa
gains success – Gauri’s Lord bears witness.

40. Says Tulsidas, Hari’s constant servant,
“Lord, make your encampment in my heart.”

Son of the Wind,
Banisher of sorrow and embodiment of blessing,
Dwell in my heart,
King of Gods, together with Ram, Lakshman, and Sita

Here is a pedigree Chart beginning with Brahma. See Ravana, the Proband.

 

August 25, 2018

Hanuman & Kauai Aadheenam: Carrying Iraivan Temple across the ocean from India; the bronze statue worshiped at our morning homa; the Hanuman bell  Click the link:  goo.gl/7TyvBB

The present legend of Hanuman in the 21st century is that he carried Iraivan Temple from India to Kauai.

The above painting portrays Hanuman of the 21st century (He is a Chiranjivi - The Immortal until the end of Kali Yuga.) carrying the Iraivan Temple from India across oceans to the island of Kauai in NW Hawaii.  Yes, I was there with family.

There are various stories about the origin of Lord Hanuman: He was born to the Princess Anjana after she and her husband, Kesari, prayed to Lord Siva; he is an incarnation of Lord Siva as Rudra. He is found in Buddhist, Jain and Sikh scriptures and in stories from across Southeast Asia, China and Japan, where He is the divine being Saruta Biko. Hanuman may be the subject of Rig Veda hymn 10.86. He appears in the Ramayana, Mahabharata and Puranas and is best known today as the divine helper to Lord Rama.

The How, the Why, the Who, and the When. Let us go back to the future. Hawaii. In the early 1970s, Gurudeva had visions of Hanuman and received messages from Him on how to train his monastic order. As plans for Iraivan Temple unfolded, Guruda deva found it most apt to credit the monkey deva—known as the epitome of loyalty, strength and service to God—with bringing the massive temple to Kauai, just as He once transported Mount Dronagiri from the Himalayas to Sri Lanka.   Click the link:  goo.gl/7TyvBB

Panchamukhi Hanuman.  Five-faced Hanuman: Varaha, Garuda, Anjaneya, Narasimha and Hyagriva.  

Panchmukhi Hanuman: Ravana had a brother Ahiravana, the ruler of the Underworld. During the great war, Ahiravana impersonating Vibhishana took unconscious Rama and Lakshmana to Patala, the nether world and secreted them out of sight. To rescue them, Hanuman had to kill the demonic king. It was difficult. There were lamps illuminating five directions. All lamps should be extinguished simultaneously before the great demon of the underworld was killed. Hanuman became five-headed god with heads placed strategically in five directions to extinguish the lamps and the life of the great demon. The gods were east-facing Hanuman, sky-facing Hyagrīva, south-facing Narasimha, west-facing Garuda and north-facing Varaha. Once Mahiravana was killed, Rama and Lakshmana were rescued.

Panchmukhi Hanuman is an auspicious Lord.

 

The Story of the Crystal Lingam as seen above in the Iraivan Temple, Kauai. 

Coleman discovers 3' 3" crystal in his mine in Arkansas in 1972. Hauled it to the surface and forgot about it. Weighed about 500 lbs. In July 1987 Almitra Zion was scouting for a crystal for Saiva Siddhanta Church. She had a vision. She found the crystal, and bought it. On August 12, 1987, it arrived in Kauai, Hawaii. Crystals are the highest form of Lingam.  Source: https://goo.gl/WzP4Lp 

Ganesa and Hanuman   New Text on January 9, 2019
Ganesa and Hanuman are Ādhiyantham (ஆதியந்தம் = ஆதி + அந்தம் = Ādhi + Antham = the beginning and the end)
Ādhi is the beginning and Antham is the end.  Ganesa is the Lord of New Beginnings. Hanuman is the Lord of Successful endings.

In another sense, Ganesa and Hanuman have neither beginning nor end.

                                    


At the beginning of a deed, we supplicate to Pillaiyar for his help. Once the task on hand is satisfactorily completed, we apply a garland to Hanuman. Ganesa wrote Mahabharata using his tusk as the stylus (The picture depiction is different.). In a way, he was there at the outset, at the beginning of the story dictated by Vyasa and transcribed by the Divine Scribe Pillaiyar or Ganesa.

                                                 

Both are Divine Chimeras. Remember you heard it first here.
With the beginning of a task with Ganesa worship, Hanuman brings the work to a successful conclusion. There are several similarities between Ganesa and Hanuman. Both are Brahmacharis and Divine and semidivine Theriomorphs (Deities having the form of beasts.) Ganesa is divine and Anjaneya is demigod or semidivine. Both are Chimeras. A chimera is a being with two or more genetically different tissues. Ganesa has the tissues of the Divine and also of the elephant: That is a chimera.  Hanuman was born of a celestial but also has the DNA of the simian. His father is Siva himself. It is not uncommon in humans to have chimera of blood groups. A small number of people have two different ABO blood types in their body. Take me: B (Rh negative), not a chimera. "They are not simply AB codominant. Apparently, most of these blood chimera individuals shared a blood supply with their non-identical twin before birth."  Chimera: Genetics. an organism (being) composed of two or more genetically distinct tissues, as an organism that is partly male and partly female, or an artificially produced individual having tissues of several species. Consider this. The Narasimha Avatara is also an example of Chimera: Lion's head and Divine/Human body.  So is the case with Hyagriva, the horse-headed Avatar of Vishnu.

Both are polymaths. Both are related to Siva and Parvati. There are many and varied stories about the origin of Ganesa: Parvati collected the dross from the nape of her neck, shaped Ganesa from it and infused life into it. Another tells of Vishnu performing Xenograft Transplantation in the place of severed Divine Head of Ganesa with an elephant's head.

 

Hanuman is the biological son (of the Amsa) of Siva (Pavanputra = Pavan refers both to Siva and the Wind God).
Parvati is the origin of Vinayaka as said before, while Hanuman is the Amsa of Siva. Ganesa and Hanuman derived their powers from the Divine Couple, Parvati and Siva.
Hanuman offers four poses.
Baktha Hanuman (1) holds the opposed palms and the hands above the head in a worshipful mode. Here in the below image, he holds the opposed palms by the chest.
Abhayahastha Hanuman (2) holds the right palm supine at the shoulder level. Vira Hanuman(3) holds a Gadam (Mace) in one hand and a hill on the other hand. This is the common depiction in temples, images, and paintings.

                                   

                                   

                                                                      Anjaneya to his devotees: "Have no fear; I am here."  (A-Bhaya-Hasta = No-Fear-Hand pose)

 
Heramba Ganapathi. He is the 11th form of 32 forms.
The five heads of Ganesa are elephant heads, representing Siva's aspects: Ishana, Tatpurusha, Aghora, Vamadeva, and Sadyojata. Heramba Ganapathi is the protector of the weak. The 'he' in Heramba means weakness or helplessness and 'ramba' is protection. The four elephantine faces are in four cardinal directions, and the fifth face points to the sky.
His Vahana is a lion that Heramba Ganapathi inherited from his mother, Parvati. He has ten arms, a noose, a broken tusk ('Danta'), a rosary, an ax, a hammer, and sweet modak. Note Danta and Dental are cognate, one example of Sanskrit being the origin of Indo-European words. The two arms show two Mudras: left-handed Varamudra (Boon giving) and right-handed Abhayamudra (No-fear assurance to his devotee).

                                                                  

                                                       
The ten-handed Hanuman is Dasabhuja Anjaneyar.
Once the Mahabharata war was over, Arjuna got down from his chariot and Krishna followed him. What followed their descent is the disappearance of the image of Hanuman from the Chariot flag. The next thing was the chariot caught fire.

                                                                   

                            
The Beginning and the End: Pillayar began writing Mahabharata with his stylus (the broken tusk), and Hanuman ended Mahabharata with the fire.

Pillaiyar wrote Mahabharata as Vyasar dictated. That is the beginning.   Once the Mahabharata war was over, Arjuna got down from his chariot and Krishna followed him. What followed their descent is the disappearance of the image of Hanuman from the Chariot flag. The next thing was the chariot caught fire.

 'Gam' is the seed Mantra of Ganesa. 'Ham' is the Bijakshara (seed letter) Mantra of Hanuman.
It begins with Gam and ends with Ham.

Ganesa Bija Mantra:  Gam for knowledge, wisdom, health, wealth, happiness, prevention of obstacles, and attainment of success.
Though they were highly literate, they never showed off the arrogance of excellent knowledge. They are Anugraha Murthys. Surya was their Guru. All deities are susceptible to the forces of Navagrahas, but not Ganesa or Hanuman. When Krishna revealed his Visvarupa to Arjuna, Ganesa and Anjaneya were in that universal form. Both had five heads. 
Panchamukha Anjaneya. This depicts

1. East Face:Anjaneya. The devotees offer banana to the East Face, which is that of Anjaneya himself.  He faces us squarely.
2. South Face: Narasimha. The offerings to the South face are a beverage and dilute buttermilk
3. West Face: Garuda mukham is the West Face. The offering is honey
4. North Face: The offering is Sarkkarai (sugar) Pongal and or Vadai.
5. The Sky Face: Hayagriva Mukham (Horse Face). There is no need to offer anything to the Sky Face.
To avert any impediments to a wedding, offer betel leaf garland on a Thursday. To prevent impediments for a work in progress, offerings on a Saturday are Lime garland or Vadai malai.
In Kanchi, before Ulakalantha Perumal temple Sannidhi, Anjaneyar appears with the conch and discus. As you see, East Face Anjaneya is the son of Siva and a Chimera; Narasimha, Varaha, and Hyagriva are Vishnu Avatars. Garuda was Vishnu's transport. You may see some suggestion (Considering the Fish Avatar) that in India, they had an idea of evolutuion and that our ancestors came out of the ocean.

                                            

The Story of Makaradhwaja: Hanuman's Croc-born Son. A Chimera between Makara and Hanuman March 30, 2019

   

                The Story of Makaradhwaja: A Chimera between a croc-like animal and Hanuman

Did Hanuman, the inveterate bachelor, have a son? Does that thought titillate the fancy of the 'enquiring mind' or the 'I-Want-to-Know Pedigree Chartist?

Makara: A mythical acquatic animal, which in early art appears to have been inspired by the crocodile with leonine and dog-like legs, a scaly body and the croc's tail. Its metaphysical significance is 'absolute reality concentrated in water.' In many legends and myths, it is endowed with occult and magical powers of the water bodies of all sizes. The sea is the typical Makaravasa (Makara's abode). It is the vehicle of Varuna. As the producer of fertility, it is on the banner of Kama. It is also depicted on the hand of Sri Lakshmi. The Makara and kirttimukha forms appear on the majority of French and Spanish churches built in the 12th century. It represents the sign of Capricorn in the Hindu zodiac. Coomaraswamy considers Makara is of South Indian origin and connected with pearls (Makara Nidhi of Kubera). It takes courage to take the pearl from the mouth of Makara. It is on the banner of Pradyumna, the incarnation of Kama, born as the son of Krishna and Rukmini. In Egypt, it is a sign of fertility.  --Page 175 Harper's Dictionary of Hinduism by Margaret and James Stutley.  Harper and Row 1977. 

Hanuman burnt down Lanka and dipped his flaming tail in the ocean. A drop of his eccrine sweat fell into the open mouth of a croc-like animal in the sea. Makara was its name. Since when, did reptiles have names? This is the first time a croc named Makara swallowed the drop of sweat shed by Hanuman. Yes, this Makara became pregnant, carrying the progeny of Hanuman. The Indian folklorists knew that the human sweat (a biofluid) had not only the salty minerals but also exfoliated cells of the skin  and sweat glands of the sweater with the nature of flakes of dandruff with potentially live DNA. You thought only modern scientists knew of this scientific fact. The folklorists knew that the sweat carries the DNA of the sweater. How else does the modern gumshoe (detective) collect the DNA of a person of interest? The Indian folklorists knew it many millennia ago.

    Hanuman sees his son face to face. DNA never lies.  

Coming back to the story, the pregnant Makara was caught by Ahiravana of the Netherworld (Patala). He was the half-brother of Ravana. He cut the pregnant Makara. No, he was not looking for caviar. He wanted to eat the fish/croc. The stomach of the croc had a baby boy. He was named Makaradhwaja, and Ahiravana brought up the child. Wish, he performed C/Section to deliver the baby and let Makara go free.

Recognizing his agility, intelligence, strength, vitality, and virility, Makaradhwaja was appointed as the guard of the jail cell in the kingdom of Patala.

Ravana, after his son Indrajit was killed by Rama-Lakshmanars, convinced Ahiravana to abduct them to Patala and sacrifice both to Kali. Rama and Lakshmana were languishing in jail: All by Rama's deliberate intention to prove the greatness and the facile mind of Anjaneya to rescue them.

Hanuman discovered Rama-Lakshmanars were in Patala jail. The guard at the prison was part Vāṉara and part reptile. The guard introduced himself as Makaradhwaja, the son of Hanuman. Hanuman was flabbergasted, amused and tickled to death hearing the guard’s claim. Hanuman politely introduced himself as Hanuman, a lifelong celibate. Since Hanuman was a Yogi, he closed his eyes in meditation and saw how Makaradhwaja became his son.

Makaradhwaja told him he cannot go to Rama-Lakshmanars unless he fought him to defeat to enter the Patala prison. Hanuman tied him up in knots and entered the palace, killed Ahiravana and rescued Ramalakshmanars. Rama installed Makaradhwaja as the king of Patala and went back to Lanka with Hanuman and Lakshmana.

Hanuman’s celibacy remains invulnerable, intact, and inviolate to this day.

If you are a devotee of Hanuman, you have a friend in Patala, because Makaradhwaja. the sweat-born son of Hanuman is the king now. He can forgive all the sins and dispatch you to heaven.

Makaradhwaja is a sweat-born son of Anjaneya and Makara. A Vanara's DNA implanted in Makara became Makaradhwaja. The parents belong to different species. Pregnancy is impossible, as of todya's science. But the mythology has its own appeal. Clones are made from cells. You know Dolly the sheep, the first mammal cloned from the udder cell (breast cell) of its mother at the Roslin Institute in Scotland. Likewise, The sweat-borne cells have the DNA of the sweater.

One day there may be implantation of human embryos in animals, though the thought may be repulsive and unacceptable, and goes contrary to current reproductive ethics. Don't we make human insulin from the human insulin gene intoduced into bacteria?Yes, there is a difference between bacteria and mammals. Recently a reproductive physiology scientist gene-edited a disease-bearing embryo, implanted it in the uterus and delivered disease-free twin babies. It created a storm of criticism. When more mothers demand such gene-edited babies, it will one day become a commonplace occurrence. What was unacceptable in olden days become acceptable when there are critical number of subscribers or practitioners.

                                                  

In Japan, Hanuman goes by the name, Saruta Biko: Divine monkey guarding the temples like Saru Gami.

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Hanuman as perceived by the Asian Cultures.

Sūn Wùkōng:  Sūn = Monkey.  Wùkōng = "awakened to emptiness"

Sun Wukong and Lord Hanuman: Are they the same?  Chinese philosopher Hu Shi thinks that Sun Wukong with magical powers was an import from India. Many Indians visited China and carried Hanuman stories.   

Ji Xianlin, Chinese Indologist in the 1980s translated and published Ramayana. The Chinese took the essential character of Hanuman and made him their own in the name of brave Sun Wukong, the Monkey King.

The stone-born Sun Wukong is obviously stone-strong and can lift 17,550 lbs. or 7,960 kg. He was capable of shapeshifting, transformation and metamorphosis like Hanuman. He commands wind, though Hanuman was the son of the Wind (actually Siva). He can freeze humans, demons and gods.

Sun Wukong is a composite character, a sort of Hybrid made of elements of Chinese lore and Hanuman.

The magical stone splits and an egg emerges from it. The wind blows on the egg and it becomes a stone monkey, which can crawl and walk. This stone monkey ate and drank and made friends with other animals and monkeys. After many trials, tribulations and successes, The Buddha granted Buddhahood on the stone-born monkey who becomes 'Victorious Fighting Buddha.’

More on Sun Wukong, the Monkey King.

 

Sun Wukong   April 29, 2019

Hanuman and Sun Wukong

Sun Wùkōng (Wukong = Monkey King) from Song Dynasty, 960 CE. He is a monkey born of a stone mother. Because of his stone constitution, he is very strong and can lift 7960 kg staff with no sweat. He is fast and travels 13,500 miles in one somersault. It is common knowledge that Hanuman travels at the speed of thought and wind. Hanuman can shapeshift to become a cat in Lanka and show his universal manifestation to Sita in Ashoka Vanam and to Bhima. Likewise, Sun Wukong can morph into animals and objects. He can vanquish any fighter, even those in the heavens. Each hair on his body can become the clone of Sun Wùkōng. He can order the wind, part water, control demons, freeze humans and gods.

Sun Wukong is a composite character from Hanuman of Ramayana and Chinese folk stories.

He emerged from a stone's womb as an egg. Sun Wukong emerges from the egg, crawls, walks and emits light from his eyes.

He befriends other monkeys and becomes their king. He carries a needle behind the ear and in a nanosecond can change it into a long stick weighing 8 tons.

The hell wants to collect his soul. Wukong wipes clean the registry of births and deaths, thereby erasing his identity. The king of Hell (Yama of the Hinduism) reports him to the Jade Emperor. The Jade Emperor in heaven thinks he can control him, invites Wùkōng to heaven, and promises to make him a god. It was a false promise by Jade.  Instead, Wùkōng, appointed as a stableman, releases the horses in anger.  Wukong, a stable boy, was the lowest among the gods.

Jade wants Wukong to work as the gardener in the heavens. Jade does not invite him for a banquet held for the gods. Wukong eats the peaches of immortality and pills of longevity as a protest. Compare this to Hanuman's long life in Hinduism.

Wùkōng by himself defeats 100,000 celestial warriors and kings. The deities and Guanyin capture Wukong, intending to take back the pills of longevity. Compare this to the Hindu pantheon of gods who drank the Nectar of immortality and to Ravana, who held the pot of immortality in his abdomen. The opponents put him in a crucible, lock it and set it on fire. After 49 days of slow cooking, they open the crucible and find no longevity pills. Wukong jumps out from a hiding place in the crucible insulated or hidden from the fire. Consider Hanuman whose tail remained cool when he set Lanka on fire. Wukong gains a salubrious eye condition in the crucible: Huōyān-jīnjīng (Golden-gaze-fiery eyes). With such eyes, Wukong can easily recognize evil. Wukong destroys the crucible.

Jade and denizens of heaven go to the Buddha and file a complaint. The Buddha takes Wukong in his palm, makes a fist, converts his hand into a rock mountain and keeps Wukong imprisoned for 500 years with a paper talisman having a golden-letter Mantra: Om Mani Padme Hum.  

                            

Guānyīn = Goddess of Mercy. Guanyin can be a man, woman, or a child.

 Avalokiteśvara, = Ava = down. Lok = to notice or the world. Isvara = Lord. The Lord who gazes down (at the world); also means Holder of lotus; Lord of the world.

Jade looks for someone to protect a pilgrim (Tang Sanzang,) on his way to retrieve Buddhist Sutras. Wukong volunteers for the job in exchange for his freedom. Guanyin gives Tang Sanzang, a circular ring, to adorn Wukong's head under false pretense so the ring will tighten on the utterance of a Mantra if the monkey is out of control.  In dire emergencies, three hairs given to Wukong will come to Wukong’s rescue to loosen the ring.

The pilgrim and Wukong go west to India. Pigsy and Sandy join the pilgrim and Wukong ("Pigsy" = Zhu Bajie) and "Sandy" = Sha Wujing) to atone for their earlier crimes. Wukong protects the pilgrim from demons, bandits, and flesh-eaters. Mission was accomplished; they return to China. On the way, Wukong learns about the virtues of Buddhism and is granted Buddhahood and a title Dōuzhānshēng-fō (Victorious Fighting Buddha). 

Jñāṉa in Sanskrit = ñāṇa in Pali = gyan/gian/jñān in Hindi = know in English = gyan in Sikhism = gnosis in Greek = Guanyin in Chinese = the Knower of the sounds.  Sound in India is knowledge. Śruti = that which is heard. Śruti is naturally a sound-knowledge transmitted by oral tradition.
Is Guanyin derived from Jñāṉa?

 

                                                                          

 

 

https://goo.gl/VdEFnS

This is the depiction of palmar creases of the hand: Heart Line or The Distal Palmar Crease; Head Line or The Proximal Palmar Crease; The Life Line or the Thenar Crease. In monkeys, apes... there is a Transverse Palmar Crease (TPC) as depicted in the picture. In people, TPC has an incidence of 1.25 percent. In children with Down Syndrome or Trisomy 21, the incidence of TPC is very high.  In anthropoid primates, TPC is the norm.  Genetics and Dermatoglyphics.

                                        

      
 Here is a comparison of palm creases in a man, anthropoid primate and the palm drawing. They all have Transverse Palmar Crease (TPC).  In children with Down Syndrome or Trisomy 21, the incidence of TPC is very high.  In anthropoid primates, TPC is the norm. -Genetics and Dermatoglyphics.  A colleague of mine with bilateral transverse creases of the palms was a professor.

                                        

                                         

 Here is a statue of Hanuman with Betel leaf Garland in Grand Basin Mauritius. 

   

Processional Hanuman statue: Guruvayurappan Temple Morganeville, New Jersey

 
   

 

                         A 2006 stamp series showing Rama and Sita: Cambodia

 
                                                   
                 Whose Mace Is Bigger. 
                                                                                  
 I hold back the portrayal of Sita Devi and Hanuman by the painter M.F. Hussain because some depictions do not represent authenticity portrayed in Valmiki and Kamba Ramayana. The paintings are amusing distractions at best. They are not Raja Ravi Varma genre. If you are the I-Want-To-See kind, you may find these paintings in Google images. A caution is in order. Some devotees of Rama, Sita, and Hanuman even among the non-Hindus like our dear departed late President Abdul Kalam may find the graphic nudity over the top. Hussain's imaginations are not in line with the sacred texts. These images are better not seen by children because they leave an indelible impression on young minds.