Published: 16 Oct 2023 2 PM Updated: 16 Oct 2023 2 PM  Sakthi Vikatan

'Is it right to kill Vāli ?' Do you know the reason for Sri Rama's statement?-

Author: Dushyant Sridhar

Sakthi Vikatan Team

The machine translation was edited by Veeraswamy Krishnaraj

'Is it right to torture and kill Vāli ?' Do you know the reason for Sri Rama's statement?-Dushyant Sridhar

NewsVāli 's killing

1. The most talked about topic in the Tamil Nadu pattimandrams (Debate Societies) is 'Is Vāli 's killing right?' A thorough study of Kamban and Valmiki will make it clear that this question is redundant.

- Kamba Ramayana

3. The war between Vāli and Sugriva began. A fierce battle. Rama was hiding behind a tree. The two brothers wee similar in appearance. There was no difference as to who Vāli was and who Sugriva was in their fighting skills. Rama did not shoot an arrow, thinking what would happen if he accidentally hit Sugriva.

4.  Sugriva received a good thrashing in the battle of the day. He came to Rama with injuries. Rama consoled Sugriva by explaining the reason for not letting go of the arrow. The next day, Rama made him wear a garland made of 'Gajapuspi’ flowers and sent him back to fight. This time too, Vāli attacked Sugriva severely. But now, it was clear to Rama who Sugriva was. He shot an arrow at Vāli. Vāli fell.

5. Vāli looked at whose arrow pierced his chest. It had the words 'Rama' written on it. Vāli was shocked as soon as he read it.

6. Rama's name is the root mantra of all living beings living in the three worlds of the earth, the underworld, and the sky. Whoever utters the name of Rama, he will be blessed with the removal of the sin committed in all the seven births. Vāli was pained to learn that the arrow of Rama, such a supreme being, had pierced his chest.

7. Ram came forward from behind the tree. Lakshmana, Hanuman, Nala, Neelan, and Jambavan came near Vāli. On seeing Rama, Vāli started singing words of abuse.

8. "Rama, are you the son of Dasaratha, who sacrificed his life for the promise he made... Have you appeared before the holy Bharata... I have learnt many shastras and have come to do good governance in this world. Can you hide like that and kill me surreptitiously? The kingdom is lost for you. You have lost your wife. So, your mind was disturbed and you hunted down a monkey.

9. Although it is customary and justifiable that human beings can hunt five-nailed animals according to the shastra. But the monkey does not come in the category of five-nailed animals. That being so, how could you kill me?

10. If the Arakkar (demon) does you harm, you must take revenge on him. Instead, does the Manu code say to Kill a monkey? What fault have you found with me to the point of killing me? It is said that Rama means kārunyam (Mercy). What will happen to the world if you give it up and take the blame?" says Vāli angrily. Rama remained patient until he finished asking all the questions in his mind.

11. Legend has it that the entire land in this world belongs to the Ishvaku dynasty. The Ishvaku dynasty retained the kingdom of Kosala around Ayodhya and divided the other territories and allowed others to rule them. That's how the kingdom of Kishkinda came to Vāli. Therefore, the Ishvaku dynasty had the right to investigate the wrongs that were taking place in the kingdom of Vāli.

12. A fight arose between Vāli and Sugriva. Sugriva was driven out of the country. A king has the right to expel anyone from his country. You can't question it. But Vāli kidnapped Sugriva's wife Rumai and kept her in his possession.

13. The fight between brothers is a personal issue. But it is a social problem to take someone else's wife. Now the responsibility of investigation and rendering justice has come naturally to Rama of the Ishvaku clan. Rama remained patient till Vāli finished speaking and began to speak.

14. "Vāli! you know the shastras. You know what was right and what was wrong. You studied dharma shastras like Manu etc. The shastras say, ‘’Your brother's wife should be treated like your daughter.  Is it not a sin that you took her?  How can you do it and talk about dharma?" Rama asked. On hearing this, Vāli began to understand his mistake.

15. Vāli knew that Ravana had kidnapped Sita. Ravana passed through the air of his kingdom. The ruler of a nation must have listened to the crime on his territory. But he didn't ask that. He did not speak. There was a preamble to this.

16. Once there was a fight between Vāli and Ravana. In that battle, Vāli defeated Ravana. Immediately Ravana made a treaty with Vāli. Accordingly, they agreed not to interfere in the affairs of each other. Accordingly, when Ravana carried Sita away. It is said that Vāli did not interfere in the matter. But if we consider 'what happened to Vāli ' based on the epic, some facts will emerge. Let me give you an example.

17. A theatre group performs different plays every day: One day, Cilappathikāram, the next day, the Ramayana and the third day, Alli Arjuna and so on and so forth. Let's say one day he plays Kovalan and the next day he plays Lakshmana. Then he should speak the verse relevant to the role of Lakshmana. On the contrary, what will happen if Kovalan's verse is spoken in the Ramayana as in the case of memory lapse?

18. The audience will be subjected to ridicule and anger. The director of the play would do something and remove him from the stage. That's what happened to Vāli.

19. Ravana's injustice crossed the limits, and the devas had no choice but to surrender to Lord Vishnu. Indra, the lord of the devas, prayed to Narayana to rescue them from Ravana. Lord Vishnu accepted it and incarnated himself as Rama. According to the epic, the sun was born as Sugrīvā, Indra as Vāli, Vayu as Hanuman, Vishwakarma as Nala and Agni as Neela in order to help him.

20. In the play Ramayana Avataram, It was Vāli, the Indra incarnate, who was supposed to help Rama wage war on Ravana. But if he has forgotten it and made a pact with Ravana, then the responsibility of fixing it and removing Vāli is the responsibility of Rama, Narayana’s incarnation as man, the lord of all things. That's what Rama did.

21. In the Ramayana, Kambar and Valmiki explained that Sri Rama himself answered all Vāli 's questions. Vāli accepted them too. He realized his mistake. He called his son Angada and advised him to 'always be with Sugriva' to make up for the sin he had committed to Sugriva. This indicated that Vāli fully realized his mistake and surrendered himself. That being so, what then is wrong of Vāli’s death in the hands of Rama.